The remaining chapters of this report examine formal state diversion programs and activities in much greater detail.
Chapter Two focuses on lump sum payment programs. In this chapter, we explore how states determine applicants' eligibility for lump sum payments, for what purposes these payment may be used, and what costs/penalties are associated with participating in lump sum diversion. Chapter Three describes how states have altered their intake processes to help TANF applicants explore the availability and access alternative resources. Chapter Four examines mandatory applicant job search programs. In this chapter we explore how states have defined their job search requirements, who is expected to fulfill these requirements and how much discretion caseworkers have in granting exceptions to these requirements.
Chapter Five explores the potential impact of formal or direct diversion programs and activities and of diversion that occurs informally on the Medicaid eligibility of diverted TANF applicants. Chapter Six concludes with a discussion of state efforts to assess the success of their formal diversion programs and activities. In this chapter we also assess the implications of the findings reported here and, in light of these implications, discuss the methodological approach for the second phase of this research which will focus on how state diversion programs and activities, both formal and informal, are being implemented, and how these diversion activities are affecting low-income families particularly with respect their eligibility for Medicaid.