Almost all low-income men in the United States live in urban areas, and about half of them live in 10 states. But the concentration of low-income men varies. Some states and metropolitan areas with smaller low-income male populations have larger than average low-income shares. In some metropolitan areas, low-income men are concentrated in the central city, while in others, they are spread out across the metropolitan area. These variations in geographic distribution have implications for the provision of services and design of programs to engage disconnected low-income men.
Also of policy relevance is the racial and ethnic distribution of the low-income male population. White men are a minority in the metropolitan areas with the highest numbers of low-income men, and Hispanic men are often concentrated in different metropolitan areas than African American men. In the same way that variation in such factors as age, educational level, and citizenship status can determine strategies to promote upward mobility, differences in location could also have implications for the policies needed to ensure men remain or become connected to mainstream institutions.