Data on Health and Well-being of American Indians, Alaska Natives, and Other Native Americans. Survey of Jails in Indian Country (SJIC)

12/01/2006

Sponsor: U.S. Department of Justice/Bureau of Justice Statistics
Description: The Survey of Jails in Indian Country (SJIC), a component of the Annual Survey of Jails, gathers data on all adult and juvenile jail facilities and detention centers in Indian Country, which is defined as reservations, pueblos, rancherias, and other Native American and Alaska Native communities throughout the United States. The survey, conducted yearly between 1998 and 2004, is a complete enumeration of all confinement facilities operated by tribal authorities or the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) and provides data on number of inmates and facility characteristics and needs.

Variables describe each facility, including capacity, number of adult inmates, number of juveniles held, number of inmates held by sex and conviction status, number of admissions and discharges in the last 30 days, number of inmate deaths, the peak population during June, facility crowding, and renovation and building plans. The 2004 survey also collected information on inmate health services and programs available to inmates including information on four infectious diseases, including HIV, hepatitis B and C, and tuberculosis. Additional new information included inmate medical and mental health services, suicide prevention, substance dependency programs, domestic violence counseling, sex offender treatment, educational programs, and inmate work assignments.

Relevant Policy Issues: Justice System Issues.
Data Type(s): Survey
Unit of Analysis: Correctional facility
Identification of AI/AN/NA: American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) individuals are not identified in this study. Instead, this study is a complete enumeration of all jails and correctional facilities in Indian Country.
AI/AN/NA Population in Data Set: In 2001, this study included 68 facilities. In 2002 and 2003, this study included 70 facilities.
Geographic Scope: The geographic scope of the study includes AI/AN communities. All identifiers for the 70 respondent facilities are included in the data file (i.e., facility name, tribal affiliation, city, state, zip code). While facilities from 19 different states and 55 different tribes participate, geographic analysis would not be appropriate given the small number of facilities in any one tribe or state.
Date or Frequency: Data were collected annually from 1998-2004.
Data Collection Methodology: The survey was conducted by mail. Surveys were mailed to each facility and facility-identified staff completed the surveys. Data were returned by mail, fax, or telephone.
Participation: Optional, without incentives.
Response Rate: Through follow-up phone calls and facsimiles, the 2002 survey achieved an 86 percent response rate. Older data for non-responding facilities is included in reports released by Bureau of Justice Statistics.
Strengths: There are multiple years of data available providing institutional-level descriptions of the conditions of confinement in Indian Country.
Limitations: These are not individual-level data; they are a description of facilities. Moreover, in this survey, race of persons being confined is not asked so it is not possible to determine how many persons described in the data are AI/AN.
Access Requirements and Use Restrictions: Data are available to public at no cost.
Contact Information: Data archive information:
National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
ICPSR
University of Michigan
Institute for Social Research
P.O. Box 1248
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1248
(800) 999-0960
(313) 763-5011
nacjd@icpsr.umich.edu

Questions for the Bureau of Justice Statistics should be mailed to:
Todd Minton
Statistician
Corrections Statistics Program
Bureau of Justice Statistics
810 Seventh St, NW
Washington, DC 20531
(202) 305-9630

Data for 1998-2001 can be downloaded at http://webapp.icpsr.umich.edu/cocoon/NACJD-SERIES/00158.xml. Data for 2002, 2003, and 2004 were not yet available as this catalog was being prepared.

 

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