Data on Health and Well-being of American Indians, Alaska Natives, and Other Native Americans. National Indian Education Study (NIES)

12/01/2006

Sponsor: U.S. Department of Education (ED)/National Center for Education Statistics (NCES)/Office of Indian Education (OIE)
Description: The National Indian Education Study (NIES) focuses on both the academic achievement and educational experiences of fourth and eight grade students across the country. This activity is a collaborative effort among Indian tribes and organizations, the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), and state and local education agencies. Part One of the NIES is an augmentation of the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2005 reading and mathematics assessment to increase the representation of Bureau of Indian Affairs schools in the NAEP data and allow for separate analyses. Part Two is a separate survey focusing on issues of Indian education, such as the role of Indian culture in education. At the time this catalog was being compiled, further information concerning Part Two of the NIES had not been released. The results of the NIES are intended to assist policymakers, educators, and community members in making informed decisions to improve education of all American Indian and Alaska Native students.
Relevant Policy Issues: Educational Attainment.
Data Type(s): Survey
Unit of Analysis: Individual
Identification of AI/AN/NA: Race/ethnicity is collected from two sources: school records and student self-reports. The primary source of race/ethnicity data is based on the race reported by the school. Schools that are sampled for the study are asked to provide lists of all students in grades 4 and 8, along with basic demographic information, including race/ethnicity.

When school-recorded information is missing, student-reported data are used to determine race/ethnicity. All students who complete an assessment are asked some general student background questions, including questions about their race/ethnicity. Separate questions are asked about students Hispanic ethnic background and about students race.

Based on the school records and self-reports, students are categorized into one of the following mutually exclusive categories: 

  • White (non-Hispanic)
  • Black (non-Hispanic)
  • Hispanic
  • Asian/Pacific Islander
  • American Indian (including Alaska Native) (AI/AN)
  • Unclassified

Unclassified students are those whose school-reported race was recorded as other or unavailable or was missing, or who self-reported more than one race category (i.e., multi-racial) or none. Hispanic students may be of any race.

AI/AN/NA Population in Data Set: In the full 2005 NAEP reading assessment, a sample of about 166,000 fourth-grade and 159,000 eighth-grade students participated in the study. Of these, approximately 3,800 AI/AN students in grade 4 and approximately 3,400 AI/AN students in grade 8 are included in the NIES study. These numbers have been rounded to the nearest 100.

In the full 2005 NAEP mathematics assessment, a sample of about 172,000 fourth-grade and 162,000 eighth-grade students participated in the study. Of these, approximately 3,900 AI/AN students in grade 4 and approximately 3,500 AI/AN students in grade 8 are included in the NIES study. These numbers have been rounded to the nearest 100.

Geographic Scope: The geographic scope of the study is national. In addition to the national sample, data for American Indian/Alaska Native students can be analyzed for five regions of the country. These regions are Atlantic, North Central, South Central, Mountain, and Pacific. Furthermore, NIES focused on states with relatively high proportions of American Indian and Alaska Native students. The seven states included are Alaska, Arizona, Montana, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, and South Dakota. Data concerning AI/AN students can be analyzed separately for each of these states, but comparisons between AI/AN students and students who are not AI/AN cannot be made at the state level.
Date or Frequency: NIES data were collected for the first time in 2005. Future administrations of the study are planned.
Data Collection Methodology: The reading and mathematics assessments are administered to participating students at the school location in paper and pencil format.
Participation: Optional, without incentives
Response Rate: The NIES student-weighted response rates are below:
Grade 4 reading: 93%
Grade 4 mathematics: 93%
Grade 8 reading: 91%
Grade 8 mathematics: 88%
Sampling Methodology: The NIES sample was designed as an augmentation of the 2005 NAEP reading and mathematics assessment samples of AI/AN students in the fourth and eighth grades. In past NAEP samples, BIA schools were identified as part of the national sample, and the resulting number of participating schools was usually small, fewer than five per grade. In order to create the NIES study in 2005, BIA schools were sampled as a part of each state sample, at the same rate as public schools in a given state. Therefore a BIA student had the same probability of selection as a public school student in the same state. As a result, about 30 BIA schools were included per grade, thereby increasing the number of AI/AN students in the sample.

The national and regional results of the NIES include AI/AN students in all schools (public, private, Department of Defense, and BIA), while the state results are based on samples of AI/AN students in public and BIA schools only; however, the percentage of AI/AN students who are enrolled in schools other than public and BIA schools nationally is very small (between 1 and 2 percent, unweighted).

Authorization: Authorization for this study falls under the Executive Order 13336: American Indian and Alaska Native Education. This Executive Order is a follow-up to the No Child Left Behind Act.
Strengths: Data sets contain a large number of AI/AN/NA respondents. Data are collected on a key policy issue, education.
Limitations: No major limitations were identified with Part One of the study. Details from Part Two were not available at the time this catalog was compiled and thus cannot be included in this profile.
Access Requirements and Use Restrictions: The data will be made available to researchers with NCES license. There is no cost. The steps for obtaining a license are detailed at the following website: http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/licenses.asp.
Contact Information: Office of Indian Education
U.S. Department of Education
400 Maryland Avenue SW 5C132
Washington, DC 20202-6335
Phone: (202) 260-7485
Fax: (202) 260-7779
E-mail: indian.education@ed.gov

Specific questions about the NIES to can be directed to Jeff Johnson (jeff.johnson@ed.gov) or Taslima Rahman (taslima.rahman@ed.gov).

 

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