Data on Health and Well-being of American Indians, Alaska Natives, and Other Native Americans. American Housing Survey (2003)

12/01/2006

Sponsor: U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)
Description: The American Housing Survey (AHS) collects data on the Nations housing, including apartments, single-family homes, mobile homes, vacant housing units, household characteristics, income, housing and neighborhood quality, housing costs, equipment and fuels, size of housing unit, and recent movers. The AHS is conducted by field representatives who obtain information from occupants of homes or from informed people such as landlords, rental agents, or knowledgeable neighbors about vacant homes. Interviewing occurs from May 30 through September 8 and is conducted every other year. The 2003 national survey is a sample of about 61,050 designated housing units.
Relevant Policy Issues: Housing Quality, Type of Housing, Housing Ownership, and Rental Unit Quality and Cost.
Data Type(s): Survey
Unit of Analysis: Household. A household consists of all people who occupy a particular housing unit as their usual residence, or who live there at the time of the interview and have no usual residence elsewhere. The usual residence is the place where the person lives and sleeps most of the time. This place is not necessarily the same as a legal residence, voting residence, or domicile. Households include not only occupants related to the householder but also any lodgers, roomers, boarders, partners, wards, foster children, and resident employees who share the living quarters of the householder. It includes people temporarily away for reasons such as visiting, traveling in connection with their jobs, attending school, in general hospitals, and in other temporary relocations. By definition, the count of households is the same as the count of occupied housing units.
Identification of AI/AN/NA: Race is self-reported. Interviewees were asked to respond to the question on race by indicating one or more of six race categories. The six race categories included:
  • White
  • Black or African American
  • American Indian or Alaska Native (AI/AN)
  • Asian
  • Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander (NH/PI)
  • Some Other Race (this category is not read or displayed to the respondent)
AI/AN/NA Population in Data Set: The total number of completed surveys for the AHS 2003 was 71,170. Responses to the race item were recoded into the multiple race categories. The following categories reflect the unweighted counts for the AI/AN/NA respondents in the 2003 AHS:

AI/AN Only: 300
NH/PI Only: 139
White/AI/AN: 291
White/NH/PI: 11
Black/AI/AN: 49
Black/NH/PI: 2
AI/AN/Asian: 3
Asian/NH/PI: 10
White/Black/AI/AN: 27
White/Asian/NH/PI: 5
White/AI/AN/Asian: 1

Geographic Scope: The geographic scope of the AHS is national. Geographic analysis is possible by county.
Date or Frequency: From 1973 to 1981, the AHS collected national data every year and was called the Annual Housing Survey. Since 1981, the AHS has been conducted biannually in odd-numbered years.
Data Collection Methodology: In-person interviews and telephone interviews are conducted by field interviewers.
Participation: Optional, without incentives
Response Rate: For 2003, the unweighted overall response rate was 91 percent.
Sampling Methodology: The sample for AHS is spread over 394 primary sampling units (PSUs), counties or groups of counties or independent cities. These PSUs include 878 counties and independent cities with coverage in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. If there were over 100,000 housing units in a PSU at the time of selection, the PSU is known as a self-representing PSU because it was removed from the probability sampling operation and was in the sample with certainty. There are 170 self-representing PSUs. The Census Bureau grouped the remaining PSUs and selected one PSU per group, proportional to the number of housing units in the PSU, to represent all PSUs in the group. These selected PSUs are referred to as nonself-representing PSUs. After this, a sample of housing units was chosen within the selected PSUs.
Authorization: Title 12, Sections 1701Z-1 and 1701Z-2g of the U.S. Code authorize the Secretary of HUD to collect data from public and private agencies and protect the confidentiality of the data. Title 12, Section 1701Z-10 mandates the collection of the data for the AHS.
Strengths: Data are collected on key policy issues, including issues related to housing. There are multiple years of data available.
Limitations: No major limitations were identified.
Access Requirements and Use Restrictions: Data are available to public at no cost.
Contact Information: The American Housing Survey Branch can be contacted by email at ahsn@census.gov or by phone at (301) 763-3235.

Tables, reports and the actual data can be downloaded from http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/housing/ahs/nationaldata.html.

 

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