A Cross-State Examination of Families Leaving Welfare: Findings from the ASPE-Funded Leavers Studies. Endnotes

08/01/2000

1.  For convenience, the administrative data reports are referred to as "interim" reports and the survey data reports are referred to as "final" reports. In fact, one of the eleven administrative reports is actually a final report (the Wisconsin IRP study) and one of the four survey reports is not, in fact, a final report (it consists of four chapters of a forthcoming report on the Missouri study).

2.  The staff paper, " Summary of Research on Welfare Outcomes Funded by ASPE: Administrative Data Findings from Interim Reports," was revised several times, as more interim reports became available (HHS/ASPE, August 1999; HHS/ASPE, October 1999; HHS/ASPE, April 2000).

3.  In most cases, there was little difference in outcomes between "single-parent leavers" and "all leavers," because single parent cases comprised the vast majority of leaver cohort. Even so, all outcomes reported in this paper are for single-parent leavers, except where noted otherwise.

4.  Washington, the state with only a 1 percentage point differential between self-reported employment and administrative data on employment, used two administrative sources to calculate employment rates. In addition to UI wages, the calculation of employment rates included wages reported to the welfare/food stamp/Medicaid system. Employment rates based on administrative data reports would have been about 5 percentage points lower if the administrative data had been limited to UI wage data.

5.  Washington, the third study collecting data on household member employment, reported that 20 percent of leaver households had earnings from other household members. This information is not enough to compute a "household employment rate" comparable to the rates in the Illinois and Missouri reports, however, because the Washington report did not specify how many of these Washington households had earnings from both leavers and other adults.

6.  As reported in an earlier version of this paper, preliminary reports from Missouri suggested that Medicaid enrollment was much lower in administrative data (14 percent of leavers in eighth quarter) than in survey data (33 percent of respondents reporting they were enrolled in Medicaid and 38 percent reporting either they or another adult in the household was enrolled). This apparent discrepancy was largely resolved when the administrative data were re-analyzed to include Medicaid eligibility of families returning to AFDC/TANF, resulting in a revised estimate of 26 percent of leavers enrolled in Medicaid in the eighth quarter after exit.

7.  More information on how to secure access to these data files can be secured by contacting the author at julia.isaacs@hhs.gov or checking the ASPE-sponsored web page on Leavers and Diversion Studies after fall 2000.

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