Costs of Mandatory Education and Training Programs for Teenage Parents on Welfare: Lessons from the Teenage Parent Demonstration. Introduction

07/12/1993

The three Teenage Parent Demonstration programs had a common mandate to develop comprehensive services for teenage parents.  All three sites developed their programs in keeping with the demonstration guidelines set forth in the grant awarded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.  However, sites had latitude in defining the specific services they offered, finding resources to deliver services in their local communities, and developing staff resources of their own to deliver some services.  They identified services that would be provided directly by demonstration staff, and defined the specific staff positions, organizational structure, and roles these staff would play.  They determined which services would have to be sought from other sources in their communities, developed relationships with these other agencies, and reached formal or informal agreements concerning referral of demonstration participants, the nature of services they would receive, and in some instances the terms of payment for these services. 

The demonstration provided six types of services to participants:  case management, workshops, education, job training, support services, and job placement assistance.(1)  Below we describe each of these services and identify the staff and other resources used to deliver them (see Table II.1).(2)

TABLE II.1
PROVIDERS OF DEMONSTRATION SERVICES

SERVICES

CAMDEN NEWARK CHICAGO

Case Management

  Program staff Program staff Program staff

Workshops

  JTPA/Food Stamp Employment and Training

County Department of Health

Rutgers University Extension Service

Local community organizations

Program staff

New Jersey Department of Labor Counselor

Rutgers University Extension Service

Planned Parenthood

University of Medicine and Dentistry - New Jersey

Program staff

Local medical centers

University of Illinois Cooperative Extension Service

Illinois Department of Employment Security

Planned Parenthood

Chicago Sexual Assault Alliance

Education

On-site GED/ABE(a) classes State Department of Personnel and JTPA Newark Board of Education's Urban Youth Program Community colleges
Off-site GED/ABE(a) classes Urban Youth Corps

Camden County College

N.A. Community colleges
Off-site ESL(a) classes Hispanic Women's Resource Center Local Hispanic community organization N.A.
Other education Camden County College Essex County College Universities, 4-year colleges, and community colleges
Education preparation workshop N.A. N.A. Program staff

Training

Pre-employment and/or job readiness Program staff

JTPA or State Department of Personnel

Program staff

State Department of Personnel/JTPA

Program staff
Occupational job training Proprietary schools

Public vocational and technical schools

Community colleges

Proprietary schools

Public vocational and technical schools

Community colleges

Proprietary schools

Public vocational and technical schools

Community colleges

Work Experience JTPA (summer employment)

Urban Youth Corps

JTPA (summer employment) JTPA (summer employment)

Job Development and Placement

  Training providers

Program staff

JTPA job counselor

Training providers

Program staff

Employment Service counselor

Training providers

Department of Employment Security

counselor

Child Care Assistance

Child care placement assistance Program counselor Program counselor Program staff (case managers)
Child care voucher processing and subsidies Program staff

Program payments to providers

Program staff

Program payments to providers

Program payments to providers
Emergency or on-site child care Program-purchased slots at local centers On-site private provider Program staff

Other Support Services

Processing payments for transportation and other training-related expenses Program staff

Program-provided expense payments

Program staff

Program-provided expense payments

Program staff

Program-provided expense payments

Program-provided bus tokens

NOTE:  This table does not distinguish between services provided on-site versus at other locations, or those provided on a contractual basis versus for free.  See Chapter III for details on location of and payments for demonstration services. 

N.A.  means that the program did not offer this service. 

a  GED means General Educational Development; ABE means Adult Basic Education; and ESL means English as a Second Language.