Coordination and Integration of Welfare and Workforce Development Systems. On-Site Discussions

03/20/2000

An average of 10 to 12 discussions were conducted with a variety of respondents from local TANF agencies and local workforce development agencies, including the Employment Service, JTPA providers (and administering entities), and WtW providers at each site. Respondents included agency directors, supervisors, and service delivery staff. Table 3 displays the programs that participated in this study, by site. Some of these programs are operated by the same agency or organization. For example, the SDA in Kansas City operates both the WtW and JTPA programs and is also responsible for much of the TANF work component.

The key areas covered in the discussion guide included:

  • Overview of local TANF operations, including organizational structure;
  • Overview of local workforce programs, including organizational structure;
  • Population served;
  • Services provided  referrals and client monitoring, pre-employment and employment services, supportive services, post-employment services, and job placement and retention;
  • Labor market context; and
  • Coordination between TANF and workforce development system  major partners, history of service coordination, interorganizational arrangements, nature of service coordination, policy and programmatic changes, employer linkages, local initiatives, challenges, and effects of coordination on the organization and on clients.
Table 3
Programs Included in the Study
Site Program
TANF WtW JTPA ES VR One-Stop Other Contractors (6)
Missouri
Kansas City
Sedalia
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
  X
X
X
X
Ohio
Cleveland
Dayton
Painesville
X
X
X
N/A(7)
N/A
N/A
X
X
X
 
X
  N/A(8)
X
N/A
 
Oregon
Portland
Salem
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
  N/A
N/A
X
Pennsylvania
Beaver County
Pittsburgh
X
X
X
X
X
X
X   N/A
N/A
X
X
Rhode Island
Providence X X X X   N/A  
South Carolina
Charleston
Manning
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
N/A
 
6.  For the purposes of this table "Other Contractors" includes not-for-profit community based organizations, for-profit service providers, and community colleges.

7.  The State of Ohio did not receive any formula WtW funds.

8.  One-Stops were not fully implemented at the time of our visits.

 

Footnotes

3.  The unemployment rates in this section are based on rates reported by respondents at the time of our site visits (May - August, 1999).