Community Resilience and Recovery Initiative: Final Evaluation Report. Union City

03/27/2014

Union City ensured that a youth survey and a community-level survey were conducted each of the first 2 years of the grant. Youth surveys were conducted in the High School and Freshman Academy (9th grade) during physical education class 1 day each year in 2011 and 2012. Response rates were reportedly greater than 50 percent each year, thus these data are believed to be representative of the school-age population in this community. Table 4-6 displays the percentage of respondents who answered "Yes" to each question for 2011 and for 2012.

In their final report, Union City noted that separate databases were used for each year and some of the questions varied between the two surveys. They reported that "we are unsure if the differences between the 2 years are statistically significant, but it appears that there was an increase in employment and a decrease in depression, anxiety, and alcohol use among adolescents and their parents in Union City in the year between the survey administrations." It was also noted that some of the changes may be the result of variation in the survey (the questions that were added between 2011 and 2012) and how it was administered, but it is possible that the changes were also the result of the CRRI project. The differences could also be the result of regression to the mean. In any event, we encourage the reader to review these data with cautious optimism.

TABLE 4-6 Union City Youth Survey: Percentage of Respondents Who Answered "Yes" to Each Item in 2011 and 2012

 

Question 2011 2012
Number of responses 1,162 1,092
Parent/guardian is unemployed and looking for work   19.5%     13.6%  
Parents worry a lot about work and money issues 57.3% 55.9%
In the last 4 weeks, I've been sad a lot 28.5% 21.1%
In the last 4 weeks, I've had trouble sleeping 29.4% 27.0%
When I have problems, there are people in my family who help 72.5% 74.6%
When I have problems, there are people outside my family who help 76.8% 79.1%
In the last 4 weeks, I've felt nervous a lot 22.3% 20.0%
In the last 4 weeks, I got drunk 22.7% 18.6%
In the last 4 weeks, I used marijuana at least once 13.8% 14.9%
Parents often get high or drunk 9.3% 6.2%
Parents are often sad or stressed 33.0% 30.5%
If someone in my family needs help for depression, anxiety, alcohol or drugs, I know where to get help   40.8% 42.0%
Someone in my family has gone to NA, AA, Al-anon or Alateen meetings 6.1% 4.9%

In addition to the youth survey, Union City conducted a community-wide adult survey in both 2011 and 2012. Surveys were mailed to 1,500 adults randomly selected from current voter registration lists. The same number of surveys were also distributed in NHCAC's health clinic by randomly selecting undocumented Union City patients who were not eligible to vote. The response rate in both years was very low, at about 11 percent, thus making the results difficult to interpret. Nevertheless, the results are almost opposite of what the youth reported, as indicated in Table 4-7, below (again the reader should note that the percentages displayed for each item reflect the "Yes" responses to each survey item). With the exception of the first question on employment, the data suggest adults were in greater emotional distress in 2012 than in 2011. We encourage the reader to be very cautious when attempting to draw conclusions about these data. CRRI was one aspect of community dynamics during this time period, but there were numerous other contextual factors that would need to be taken into account to understand what was influencing community well-being.

TABLE 4-7 Union City Adult Survey: Percentage of Respondents Who Answered "Yes" to Each Item in 2011 and 2012 

Question 2011 2012
Number of responses 568 351
I am unemployed or looking for more work hours   58.2%     54.4%  
My worries about work and money have grown in the last year 70.1% 70.5%
In the last 4 weeks, I've been sad more than usual 39.2% 49.7%
In the last 4 weeks, I've had trouble sleeping 44.6% 51.7%
When I have problems, there are people in my family who help 69.9% 65.2%
When I have problems, there are people outside my family who help 48.7% 48.7%
In the last 4 weeks, I've felt nervous a lot 32.7% 42.3%
In the last 4 weeks, I've been drinking more than usual 7.8% 9.7%
In the last 4 weeks, I got drunk at least once 8.3% 15.4%
In the last 4 weeks, I used marijuana at least once 3.4% 7.7%
In the last 4 weeks, I used cocaine or heroin at least once 1.6% 5.7%
In the last 4 weeks, I used pain medication for reasons other than pain 14.8% 23.9%
Someone in my family has gone to NA, AA, Al-anon or Alateen meetings 7.0% 13.3%
If someone in my family needs help for depression, anxiety, alcohol or drugs, I know where to get help   37.3% 41.0%
I know that being unemployed may cause people to drink more, use drugs or become sad or nervous 67.6% 67.0%

Finally, Union City did report several community-level variables, as displayed in Table 4-8, although there is longitudinal data only for the first and last variables. Moreover, these data are inconclusive; domestic violence does not show a clear trend across the 4 years, and indeed begins to spike again in 2012. Reports of child maltreatment generally trend downward, although there is a slight increase between 2011 and 2012. No conclusions can be drawn from these indicators about the community impact of the CRRI grant in Union City.

TABLE 4-8 Community Variables for Union City 2009-2012

    2009   2010   2011     2012  
Number of domestic violence incidents 544 556 477 522
Number of alcohol-related hospitalizations *   1,010   * *
Number of reports of child abuse and maltreatment   188 189 159 162

 

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