Community Resilience and Recovery Initiative: Final Evaluation Report. Notes


  1. In order to draw this inference, there would have had to be a randomized control group in each community, or a stronger quazi-experimental design (i.e., a group of individuals whose demographics and baseline characteristics paralleled those of CRRI participants, but who did not participate in any of the CRRI-funded programs). Only a comparison of the outcomes of CRRI clients with non-CRRI clients would have allowed us to make more definitive claims that the programs themselves were responsible for individuals' improvements.

  2. A brief summary of the Great Recession can be found on the website of the Economic Policy Institute at:

  3. See

  4. See

  5. See

  6. Unemployment data obtained from Lorain's grant application, page 4.

  7. See

  8. We note that according to the classifications used by the United States Census, race and ethnicity are two different categories (i.e., a person can be Hispanic [ethnicity] and also White [race]). Therefore, the sum for any site in the figure may exceed the number of intake records for that site.

  9. See

  10. It should be noted by the reader that these are not unduplicated counts. That is, an individual could report drinking to intoxication on the weekends and using illegal drugs during the week with at least one instance in which he both drank to intoxication and used illegal drugs on the same day. Thus the percentages in each column for a site should not be totaled to indicate the proportion of clients acknowledging all substance use or abuse at intake.

  11. L. Feister (2011), "Measuring Change While Changing Measures: Learning in, and from, the Evaluation of Making Connections." Annie E. Casey Foundation.

  12. See, inter alia, N. Cytron (2010), "Improving the Outcomes of Place-Based Initiatives. Community Investments," Spring 2010, Volume 22, Number 1. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. L. Schorr and F. Farrow (2011), "Expanding the Evidence Universe: Doing Better by Knowing More." Center for the Study of Social Policy. L. Feister (2011), "Measuring Change While Changing Measures: Learning in, and from, the Evaluation of Making Connections." Annie E. Casey Foundation.

  13. L. Aharnonson-Daniel and M. Lahad (2012). Interactive Session presenting a novel methodology to assess community resilience developed by The Conjoint Community Resiliency Assessment Collaboration, a multidisciplinary group of senior researchers from various institutions. In Presented at the Second Israeli International Conference on Health Care Systems Preparedness and Response to Emergency and Disasters, TelAviv, Israel, January 2012.

  14. See

  15. R.L. Pfefferbaum et al. (2013), "The Communities Advancing Resilience Toolkit (CART): An Intervention to Build Community Resilience to Disasters." J Public Health Management Practice. 2013 May-June; 9(3): 250-8.

  16. "Best Practices in Place-Based Initiatives: Implications for Implementation and Evaluation of Best Start." Juarez and Associations and Harder+Company, Prepared for First 5 LA, November 2011.

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