The proportion of males to females at intake varied considerably across sites as shown in Figure 4-4. In both Fall River and among Union City adults, more women than men were represented at intake. In Fall River, however, only about 15 percent more women than men enrolled in the program. Given the large Portuguese population in the community and the reported tendency for Portuguese men to be reluctant to seek assistance, the relatively even gender representation within Project ASSIST is a testament to the successful outreach and engagement strategies of program staff. In Lorain and among Union City youth, there are significantly more males than females at intake, while among the Union City adults women are disproportionately represented in the data. During site visit interviews, staff commented that their outreach effort was more easily conducted with the female Hispanic population in Union City. Strong stigma and reluctance to seek help were noted by grantee staff as barriers to reaching the male Hispanic population in that city. Although the youth enrolled in the program were primarily Hispanic, the greater representation of males in the school-based program likely was because the services were mandated.
FIGURE 4-4 Gender Representation by Site, at Intake