Figure 4-5 shows the variation in enrolled clients' self-reported race and ethnicity across the three communities.8 Fall River's records indicate that the vast majority of individuals who received an intake record consider themselves non-Hispanic and White. The majority of Union City's adult and youth populations consider themselves Hispanic. Lorain's clients evince the greatest diversity among the three communities, with Whites, Blacks, and Hispanics represented in the intake records. Notably, as discussed in the site summary in Chapter 2, there were differing opinions among project leadership about where the program should focus its efforts. While one believed the program should focus on the newly unemployed citizens of the community, the project director believed that long-term unemployed residents also were being adversely affected by the Great Recession. As a result, she reportedly concentrated her efforts on Lorain's African American community, which had been hard-hit by years of economic downturns. The data support this statement, as 32 percent of PRIDE clients self-identified as African American compared to 17.6 percent in the population according to Census 2010.9 Hispanics are represented among clients at approximately the same rate as one might expect based on Census data (approximately 25 percent), while Whites are significantly under-represented in PRIDE (33 percent among PRIDE clients compared to 67 percent in the Lorain City population overall).
FIGURE 4-5 Ethnic/Racial Breakdown by Site, at Intake
** Other = All other races (Asian, American Indian, Hawaiian Native, etc.).