Table 4-1 depicts enrolled clients' employment statuses at intake for each site. In all three sites, there is clearly a large proportion of the client population that is unemployed and looking for work. This finding is consistent with the awarding of the grants to three communities that were experiencing significant economic distress subsequent to the recession. Interestingly, however, Union City evinces a much larger proportion of its client population that is employed either full-time or part-time. It is Westat's understanding that in this grantee site, many adults were enrolled in the Strengthening Families program because of their children's identified behavioral health needs. That is, school-age youth caught using alcohol or drugs were recommended for the Strengthening Families program and their parents came as a result of the child's referral. In fact, during the Year 3 site visit, Westat staff learned that many of the enrolled youth were "out of sight" of their parents and thus engaging in problematic activities because the adults were working more than one job to make ends meet. The high proportion of employed adults in Union City is thus likely a reflection of this aspect of adult enrollment into services.
TABLE 4-1 Clients' Employment Status at Intake
| Fall River
| Union City Adults
|Unemployed, looking for work||78%||67%||46%|
|Unemployed, volunteer work||1%||1%||1%|
|Unemployed, not looking for work||2%||6%||10%|