Children's Health Insurance Patterns: A Review of the Literature. 1. Census Bureau, CBO, GAO, and EBRI Estimates

12/19/1997

Beginning with the March 1995 CPS, when the health insurance questions were revised to eliminate the possibility of respondent inconsistencies, the Census Bureau (Bennefield 1996a), CBO

TABLE II.1

CPS ESTIMATES OF THE UNINSURED BY SOURCE

Source Data Time Period   Universe Number

(millions)

Percent
Census Bureau, EBRI, CBO, and GAO, and others 1996 CPS 1995 Uninsured throughout 1995 (or point-estimate, depending on interpretation of CPS definition of uninsured) Children age 17 9.8 13.8%
Children age 18 10.5 14.0%
Adults age 18-64 30.5 19.0%
Nonelderly age 0-64 40.3 17.4%
All persons 40.6 15.4%
Urban Institute 1996 CPS 1995 Uninsured throughout 1995 (or point-estimate, depending on interpretation of CPS definition of uninsured). Adjusted for the Medicaid undercount in the CPS using the TRIM2 model. Children age 17 6.9 9.8%
Children age 18 7.6 10.3%
Adults age 18-64 28.8 18.0%
Nonelderly age 0-64 35.7 15.5%

 

(Bilheimer 1997), GAO (1997), and EBRI (Fronstin 1996) began publishing identical estimates of the number of uninsured.(1) Using the March 1996 CPS, they found the following:

  • Children age 0 to 17: 9.8 million uninsured (13.8 percent of all children)
  • Children age 0 to 18: 10.5 million uninsured (14.0 percent of all children)
  • Adults age 18 to 64: 30.5 million uninsured (19.0 percent of all adults)
  • All persons age 0 to 65: 40.3 million uninsured (17.4 percent of all persons)(2)

None of these organizations adjusted their estimates for the underreporting of Medicaid in the CPS.