Miles and Huberman (1994) have suggested alternative analytic techniques for case studies, including using arrays to display the data, creating displays, tabulating the frequency of events, ordering the information, and other methods. The analysis process used a combination of approaches to build a description and explanation of current practices, policies, and initiatives regarding services for children in TANF relative caregiver child-only cases. To ensure that the analysis was of high quality, staff used all relevant evidence, examined all rival explanations, and used their knowledge and experience to the maximum advantage in the study.
The first step of data analysis was to develop and describe critical themes streaming through the data across states and across discipline (i.e., contrasts between TANF and child welfare). Study staff used this analysis to develop key topics for discussion in this report. The second step was to compare the five sites based on the critical themes identified. Researchers tested hypotheses within and across states to identify differences in policy and practice, factors contributing to these patterns, and effects for children and relative caregivers.
Quotes from informants and focus group participants have been edited for brevity and clarity. Statements that are negative in tone that cannot be assumed to represent practice in a given state are included without attribution to the site.