Child Care State Reports . III. Gaps in Child Care Supply [7]


  • Not all providers in Pennsylvania accept children who receive subsidies. For example, among the providers in the Philadelphia Child Care Resources South/Center City database, 80 percent of centers, 70 percent of family child care homes, and 61 percent of group child care homes accept subsidies.
    • According to the state plan for 1997-1999, maximum reimbursement rates in Pennsylvania are capped at the 75th percentile of market rate. Providers may be unwilling to accept subsidized children, or may limit their enrollment, when the state reimbursement rates are lower than their prices (see the example in section II). As a result, families receiving subsidies may have limited choices of caregivers.
  • Staff from a resource and referral agency serving Pittsburgh report shortages in the supply of infant and toddler care in certain areas. There are also shortages of, school-age care, especially in suburban areas, and shortages throughout the county of care for children who have special needs or are ill.
  • The state of Pennsylvania initiated a program for assessing and building child care capacity, and enhancing quality in May of 1998. A provider survey and assessment of needs was conducted in June 1998 with an additional survey planned for January 2000. Results from the survey in 1998 showed inadequate capacity for school-aged care in all counties.