Child Care Quality: Does It Matter and Does It Need to be Improved? (Full Report). Table 6

05/24/2000

  Child Care Quality1 Hours in Care2 Home Quality3
  Whole Sample Extreme Groups4 Whole Sample Extreme Groups4 Whole Sample Extreme Groups4
  r d r d r d
TABLE 6. Summary of Effect Sizes at 36 Months: NICHD Study of Early Child Care
School Readiness .14*** .39*** .00 .04 .25*** .83***
Expressive Language .14*** .44*** .00 .04 .28*** 1.01***
Receptive Language .09*** .27* .06 .10 .19*** .71***
Behavior Problem (Mother) -.03 -.14 .05 .08 -.06 -.10
Positive Social Behavior (Mother) .03 .13 .03 .15 .18*** .55***
Behavior Problems (Caregiver) -.06 -.25 .04 .12 -.15*** -.56***
Peers Skills -.04 -.05 .06 .06 .17*** -.57***
*p<.05; **p<.01; ***p<.001

Footnotes:

1.  Associations between cumulative positive caregiving and child adjustment at 36 months, controlling for site, mother education, income-to-needs, mother psychological adjustment, home quality, child gender, percent time in centers, and hours in care.

2.  Associations between cumulative child care hours and child adjustment at 36 months, controlling for site, mother education, income-to-needs, mother psychological adjustment, home quality, child gender, percent time in centers, and child care quality.

3.  Associations between cumulative observed home quality and child adjustment at 36 months, controlling for site, mother education, income-to-needs, mother psychological adjustment, child gender, percent time in centers, hours in care, and child care quality.

4.  Extreme group analyses contrasted the bottom and top quartiles.

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