Child Care Quality: Does It Matter and Does It Need to be Improved? (Full Report). Table 5

05/24/2000

  Child-Staff Ratio Group Size Caregiver Education Caregiver Training
  Met Not Met Met Not Met Met Not Met Met Not Met
TABLE 5. Adjusted Means for Children in Settings That Did or Did Not Meet Specific Child Care Standards: NICHD Study of Early Child Care
24 months
No. 43 120 45 118 38 125 57 106
Mental development                
Mean 99.26 95.82 97.87 96.29 97.00 95.84 97.63 95.06
SE 1.78 1.06 1.75 1.08 1.06 1.96 1.14 1.57
Behavior problems                
Mean -1.54 0.07** -0.09 -0.15 -0.30 -0.55 -0.51 -0.07
SE 0.50 0.30 0.50 0.31 0.30 0.56 0.33 0.45
Positive social behavior                
Mean 0.79 0.13* 0.47 0.24 0.33 0.20 0.39 0.15
SE 0.24 0.14 0.24 0.15 0.14 0.27 0.16 0.21
36 months
No. 140 110 157 93 201 49 187 63
School readiness                
Mean 49.77 47.12 49.23 47.56 51.06 38.52*** 51.09 41.22**
SE 1.92 2.17 1.82 2.37 1.57 3.19 1.64 2.82
Expressive language                
Mean 99.96 97.60 99.60 97.77 99.63 96.01 99.40 97.48
SE 1.11 1.25 1.05 1.37 0.92 1.88 096 1.66
Language comprehension                
Mean 103.81 101.02 103.21 101.52 103.50 98.81* 104.03 98.27**
SE 1.07 1.21 1.02 1.33 0.89 1.81 0.92 1.58
Behavior problems                
Mean -0.66 0.57** -0.32 0.23 -0.51 1.49*** -0.41 0.76*
SE 0.30 0.34 0.29 0.37 0.25 0.50 0.26 0.45
Positive social behavior                
Mean 0.31 -0.16* 0.11 0.09 0.13 0.01 0.11 0.09
SE 0.14 0.16 0.13 0.17 0.12 0.24 0.12 0.21
Notes: At 36 months, the ratio standard was 7.1, the group size standard was 14, the caregiver education standard was some college, and the caregiver training standard was some post-high school training in child development, early childhood education, or a related field. Pairs of means shown in italics were significantly different from one another. Child outcomes and child care standards were measured concurrently.

*p<.05; **p<.01; ***p<.001

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