Child Care Arrangements in Urban and Rural Areas. Child Care Arrangements

06/30/2008

Figure 2a and Figure 2b present the distribution of children across three types of primary non-parental care arrangements for all children and for those with mothers employed at least part-time.  As stated earlier, the definition of center programs used by the NHES included Head Start, pre-kindergarten, day care centers, and other early education programs. Compared to children residing in urban areas, the NHES showed that rural children were more likely to be cared for by relatives and less likely to participate in center programs.  However, despite these differences, more children were cared for in center programs than in any other type of care in both urban and rural areas.  The NHES did not find statistical differences in the use of non-relative care for urban and rural children.

Figure 2a:
Percent Distribution of Primary Care Arrangements for Children Age 0 to 5 and
Not Yet in Kindergarten Participating in Weekly Non-Parental Care

Figure 2a

Percent Distribution of Primary Care Arrangements for Children Age 0 to 5 and Not Yet in Kindergarten Participating in Weekly Non-Parental Care


Center ProgramRelativeNon-RelativeEqual Hours in 2+ Types of Care
Total5226183
Urban5525173
Rural4433204

Note:  This figure is restricted to children receiving non-parental care at least once a week.
  ** Urban/rural difference = p < 0.05
*** Urban/rural difference = p < 0.01

Figure 2b:
Percent Distribution of Primary Care Arrangements for Children Age 0 to 5 and
Not Yet in Kindergarten with Employed Mothers Participating in Weekly Non-Parental Care

Figure 2b

Note:  This figure is restricted to children receiving non-parental care at least once a week.
  ** Urban/rural difference = p < 0.05
*** Urban/rural difference = p < 0.01

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