This chartbook examines demographic and other characteristics of insured and uninsured children in the U.S. It is based on data from the March 1998 Current Population Survey CPS and reflects children’s insurance status during calendar year 1997. For the purposes of this chartbook, the term “children” applies to all U.S. citizens and non-citizen residents under age 18. This definition is consistent with that used by other data sources. This chartbook was prepared by Gene Moyer from the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation ASPE, Office of Health Policy. For further information, contact Gene Moyer at 202/690-7861. The author thanks Adele Kirk, Ellie Dehoney, and Laura Brice for earlier versions used as a model for this one.