Characteristics of Low-Wage Workers and Their Labor Market Experiences: Evidence from the Mid- to Late 1990s. Table E.5. Cumulative Exit Rates From Employment Spells Among Male Low-Wage Workers, By Subgroup

04/30/2004

Table E.5.
Cumulative Exit Rates From Employment Spells Among Male Low-Wage Workers, By Subgroup
Subgroup Cumulative Exit Rates for Males
4 Months or Less (Percentages) 12 Months or Less (Percentages) 24 Months or Less (Percentages) Log-Rank Statistic to Test Differences Across Subgroups
Overall 26 51 64  
Individual and Household Characteristics
Age (in Years) 21***
   Younger than 20 34 64 79  
   20 to 29 26 51 66  
   30 to 39 22 48 57  
   40 to 49 25 44 55  
   50 to 59 18 40 56  
   60 or older 23 43 63  
Race/Ethnicity 6**
   White and other non-Hispanic 25 48 61  
   Black, non-Hispanic 31 59 72  
   Hispanic 22 51 66  
Educational Attainment 14**
   Less than high school/GED 29 58 74  
   High school/GED 28 50 64  
   Some college 21 44 57  
   College graduate or more 18 43 53  
Has a Health Limitation 13***
   Yes 40 65 77  
   No 24 49 62  
Household Type 8**
   Single parent with children 35 59 70  
   Married couple with children 24 49 64  
   Married couple without children 22 44 59  
   Other adults without children 28 55 66  
Household Income as a Percentage of the Poverty Level 3
   100 percent or less 28 54 68  
   101 to 200 percent 26 54 66  
   More than 200 percent 25 47 61  
Job Characteristics
Hourly Wages 2
   Less than $5.00 24 53 69  
   $5.00 to $5.99 27 50 67  
   $6.00 to $6.99 25 52 62  
   $7.00 to $7.50 27 50 59  
Hours Worked per Week 6
   1 to 19 30 60 73  
   20 to 34 29 55 69  
   35 to 40 25 49 61  
   More than 40 24 45 63  
Weekly Earnings 5*
   Less than $150 28 57 72  
   $150 to $299 26 49 62  
   $300 to $600 24 48 62  
Owns Business 3*
   Yes 12 31 45  
   No 26 51 65  
Covered by Health Insurance(a) 4*
   Yes 24 45 60  
   No 27 54 66  
Occupation 11*
   Professional/technical 18 40 48  
   Sales/retail 14 39 55  
   Administrative support/clerical 24 48 61  
   Service professions/ handlers/cleaners 29 54 67  
   Machine/construction/ production/transportation 26 50 66  
   Farm/agricultural/other workers 28 59 69  
Industry 3
   Agriculture/forestry/ fishing/hunting 27 59 69  
   Mining/manufacturing/ construction/ transportation/utilities 28 50 62  
   Wholesale/retail trade 23 48 65  
   Personal/health/other services 27 53 65  
   Other 14 33 48  
Source: 1996 SIPP longitudinal files using the entry cohort sample of 2,239 employment spells for male low-wage workers.
Note: All figures are weighted using the longitudinal panel weight.
a. These figures pertain to health insurance coverage from all sources, including coverage through the employer as well as from other sources. We used this variable instead of the employer-based health insurance coverage variable, because data on overall health insurance coverage is available monthly, whereas the employer-based coverage variable pertains only to jobs in progress at the time of the interview. Thus, the employer-based health insurance variable could not always be linked to the job under investigation, which led to a significant number of missing values. However, the subsets of health insurance variables overlap considerably: the source of health insurance coverage was the employer for 80 percent of those with any coverage.
* Significantly different from zero at the .10 level, two-tailed test
** Significantly different from zero at the .05 level, two-tailed test.
*** Significantly different from zero at the .01 level, two-tailed test.

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