Characteristics of Low-Wage Workers and Their Labor Market Experiences: Evidence from the Mid- to Late 1990s. Table D.5. Distribution of Job Characteristics Across Initial Job and Most Recent Job Three and Half Years Later of Low-, Medium, and High-Wage Workers, By Gender

04/30/2004

Table D.5.
Distribution Of Job Characteristics Across Initial Job And Most Recent Job Three And Half Years Later Of
Low-, Medium, And High-Wage Workers, By Gender
(Percentages)
Job Characteristics Males Workers Females Workers
Low Wage Workers Medium Wage Workers High Wage Workers Low Wage Workers Medium Wage Workers High Wage Workers
Initial Job Most Recent Job Initial Job Most Recent Job Initial Job Most Recent Job
Usual Hours Worked per Week
В В В 1 to 19 8 5 4 2 4 2 16 10 9 6 13 11
В В В 20 to 34 17 10 10 5 3 4 30 20 20 18 14 21
В В В 35 to 40 54 60 49 58 50 49 46 62 55 60 48 52
В В В More than 40 22 26 37 36 43 46 8 8 16 17 25 16
В В В (Average hours worked) (38) (41) (42) (43) (44) (44) (31) (35) (36) (37) (37) (35)
Owns Business (Self-Employed) 9 8 7 7 12 12 6 5 5 5 12 7
Covered by Health Insurance(a) 24 52 46 74 77 89 34 65 64 84 76 84
Occupation
В В В Professional/technical 8 11 18 20 48 52 10 15 34 36 73 68
В В В Sales/retail 11 10 11 12 11 12 17 14 8 9 7 7
В В В Administrative support/clerical 6 6 9 7 5 4 19 22 35 34 12 15
В В В Service professions/handlers/cleaners 34 31 17 16 8 6 39 34 15 14 3 6
В В В Machinists/construction/production/transportation 29 36 41 42 26 26 12 13 8 7 4 3
В В В Farm/agricultural/other workers 11 6 4 4 2 0 3 2 1 0 1 1
Industry
В В В Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting 11 8 6 5 6 6 8 6 4 4 7 6
В В В Mining/manufacturing/ construction 21 26 37 35 34 32 11 14 13 15 15 13
В В В Transportation/utilities 6 7 7 7 9 8 2 4 5 7 3 2
В В В Wholesale/retail trade 30 25 16 19 10 11 31 26 13 11 6 6
В В В Personal services 14 12 12 9 10 9 20 12 15 10 7 11
В В В Health services 2 2 2 2 3 3 8 11 16 16 26 24
В В В Other services 11 15 16 17 21 25 20 27 32 38 30 36
В В В Other 6 5 5 6 6 6 1 1 1 1 6 2
Union Member 3 8 8 12 24 26 2 4 6 8 7 8
Sample Size 491 491 541 541 270 270 693 693 420 420 126 126
Source: 1996 SIPP longitudinal files using workers who started jobs within six months after the start of the panel period.
Note: All figures are weighted using longitudinal panel weight. Sample includes individuals who started jobs at the start of the panel period and who held jobs three years later.
a. SIPP contains information on employer-based health insurance coverage only for jobs that were in progress at the time of the interview. Thus, the health insurance figures in this table pertain to jobs held by sample members at the time of the wave 1 and the wave 12 interviews.

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