Characteristics of Low-Wage Workers and Their Labor Market Experiences: Evidence from the Mid- to Late 1990s. Table D.1. Distribution of Initial Demographic and Job Characteristics of Low-Wage Workers Employed Three Years Later Compared With Those Not Employed Three Years Later

04/30/2004

Table D.1.
Distribution Of Initial Demographic And Job Characteristics Of Low-Wage Workers
Employed Three Years Later Compared With Those Not Employed Three Years Later
(Percentages)
Characteristics Male Low-Wage Workers Female Low-Wage Workers
Employed at Both Periods Not Employed Three Years Later Employed at Both Periods Not Employed Three Years Later
Individual and Household Characteristics
Gender
В В В Females 0 0 80 20
В В В Males 88 12 0 0
Age
В В В Younger than 20 13 8 8 7
В В В 20 to 29 43 33 39 37
В В В 30 to 39 24 15 25 29
В В В 40 to 49 13 15 18 13
В В В 50 or older 8 28 9 15
В В В (Average age) (31.0) (37.7) (33.3) (34.1)
Race/Ethnicity
В В В White and other non-Hispanic 72 68 75 74
В В В Black, non-Hispanic 13 25 14 13
В В В Hispanic 15 7 11 13
Educational Attainment
В В В Less than high school/GED 26 27 16 25
В В В High school/GED 43 42 45 35
В В В Some college 16 22 17 21
В В В College graduate or more 16 9 22 20
Has a Health Limitation 10 31 8 19
Household Type
В В В Single adults with children 13 11 25 24
В В В Married couples with children 39 20 38 38
В В В Married couples without children 23 39 20 22
В В В Other adults without children 26 30 17 16
Household Income as a Percentage of the Federal Poverty Level
В В В 100 percent or less 23 14 22 18
В В В 101 to 200 percent 28 38 28 38
В В В More than 200 percent 49 48 51 45
Job Characteristics
Hourly Wages
В В В Less than $5.00 26 29 30 44
В В В $5.00 to $5.99 25 26 31 25
В В В $6.00 to $6.99 31 21 26 23
В В В $7.00 to $7.50 18 25 13 9
В В В (Average hourly wage in dollars) ($5.72) ($5.47) ($5.48) ($4.95)
Usual Hours Worked per Week
В В В 1 to 19 8 12 16 19
В В В 20 to 34 17 33 29 32
В В В 35 to 40 54 38 47 40
В В В More than 40 21 18 8 10
В В В (Average hours worked) (38.2) (35.0) (31.5) (38.5)
Weekly Earnings
В В В Less than $150 21 33 39 50
В В В $150 to $299 65 54 56 48
В В В $300 or more 13 12 4 2
В В В (Average weekly earnings in dollars) ($220) ($194) ($176) ($154)
Occupation
В В В Professional/technical 8 6 10 6
В В В Sales/retail 11 9 18 14
В В В Administrative support/clerical 8 5 19 17
В В В Service professions/ handlers/cleaners 34 38 38 45
В В В Machinists/construction/production/
transportation
28 34 12 16
В В В Farm/agricultural/other workers 11 9 3 3
Sample Size 491 67 693 170
Source: SIPP March 1996 cross-sectional sample, and an entry cohort sample of those in the longitudinal panel file who started low-wage jobs during the first six months of the panel period.
Note: Figures are weighted using the longitudinal panel weight.

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