Characteristics of Low-Wage Workers and Their Labor Market Experiences: Evidence from the Mid- to Late 1990s. Table C.1. Distribution of Characteristics of Low-Wage Workers In The Entry Cohort and March 1996 Cross-Sectional Samples, By Gender

04/30/2004

Table C.1.
Distribution Of Characteristics Of Low-Wage Workers In The Entry Cohort
And March 1996 Cross-Sectional Samples, By Gender
(Percentages)
Characteristics Male Low-Wage Workers Female Low-Wage Workers All Low-Wage Workers
Cross-Section Entry Cohort Cross-Section Entry Cohort Cross-Section Entry Cohort
Individual and Household Characteristics
Gender
В В В Females 0 0 100 100 57 59
В В В Males 100 100 0 0 43 41
Age
В В В Younger than 20 5 13 4 8 4 10
В В В 20 to 29 34 43 27 38 30 40
В В В 30 to 39 27 22 29 26 28 25
В В В 40 to 49 19 13 23 17 21 15
В В В 50 to 59 12 6 14 9 13 8
В В В 60 or older 3 4 4 2 3 3
Race/Ethnicity
В В В White and other non-Hispanic 68 72 76 74 73 73
В В В Black, non-Hispanic 14 14 14 14 14 14
В В В Hispanic 18 14 10 12 14 12
Educational Attainment
В В В Less than high school/GED 22 27 17 18 19 22
В В В High school/GED 43 43 45 43 44 43
В В В Some college 17 16 18 17 17 17
В В В College graduate or more 18 14 21 21 20 19
Has a Health Limitation 9 12 9 10 9 11
Household Type
В В В Single adults with children 10 12 18 25 15 20
В В В Married couples with children 36 37 39 37 37 37
В В В Married couples without children 26 24 25 20 25 22
В В В Other adults without children 28 26 18 18 23 21
Household Income as a Percentage of the Poverty Level
В В В 100 percent or less 14 22 12 21 13 21
В В В 101 to 200 percent 31 29 27 30 29 30
В В В More than 200 percent 55 49 61 49 59 49
Job Characteristics
Hourly Wages
В В В Less than $5.00 26 25 27 30 27 28
В В В $5.00 to $5.99 24 25 26 31 25 28
В В В $6.00 to $6.99 28 30 27 26 28 28
В В В $7.00 to $7.50 22 20 20 12 21 15
В В В (Average hourly wage in dollars) 5.62 5.73 5.54 5.40 5.58 5.53
Usual Hours Worked per Week
В В В 1 to 19 3 8 9 15 6 12
В В В 20 to 34 13 20 25 30 20 26
В В В 35 to 40 51 54 52 47 52 50
В В В More than 40 34 19 14 8 22 12
В В В (Average hours worked) 42.9 37.5 35.6 31.4 38.5 33.9
Weekly Earnings
В В В Less than $150 15 22 29 39 23 32
В В В $150 to $299 64 66 63 57 63 60
В В В $300 to $600 21 12 8 4 13 8
В В В (Average weekly earnings in dollars) 240 217 196 172 215 191
Covered by Health Insurance 41 24 57 34 50 29
Occupation
В В В Professional/technical 14 7 14 8 14 7
В В В Sales/retail 11 11 16 17 14 15
В В В Administrative support/clerical 5 8 20 20 14 15
В В В Service professions/ handlers/cleaners 30 36 36 39 33 38
В В В Machinists/construction/production/
transportation
32 29 13 13 21 20
В В В Farm/agricultural/other workers 8 11 1 3 4 6
Sample Size 3,486 522 5,044 817 8,530 1,339
Source: SIPP March 1996 cross-sectional sample, and an entry cohort sample of those in the longitudinal panel file who started low-wage jobs during the first six months of the panel period.
Note: Cross-sectional figures are weighted using the 1996 calendar year weight, and entry cohort figures are weighted using the longitudinal panel weight.

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