Characteristics of Low-Wage Workers and Their Labor Market Experiences: Evidence from the Mid- to Late 1990s. Table B.4. Distribution of Job Characteristics of Low-Wage Workers In March 1996, By Typology and Gender

04/30/2004

Table B.4.
Distribution Of Job Characteristics Of Low-Wage Workers In March 1996,
By Typology And Gender
(Percentages)
Characteristics Male Low-Wage Workers(a) Female Low-Wage Workers(a)
Young, Single, Educated Older, Middle-Income, Low-Education Minority, Married, Low-Income, Low-Education Young, Single, Educated Older, Middle-Income, Low-Education Minority, Married, Low-Income, Low-Education
Average Hourly Wage in Dollars 5.76 5.49 5.58 5.64 5.48 5.30
Usual Hours Worked per Week
В В В 1 to 19 3 3 3 10 8 8
В В В 20 to 34 14 12 11 25 22 29
В В В 35 to 40 47 47 62 49 60 52
В В В More than 40 36 38 24 16 11 10
В В В (Average hours worked) 43.0 43.8 41.3 35.2 35.7 34.2
Average Weekly Earnings in Dollars 249 237 230 200 196 183
Owns Business (Self-Employed) 14 26 11 12 8 7
Covered by Health Insurance(a) 46 39 35 67 53 31
Occupation
В В В Professional/technical 19 14 6 19 10 7
В В В Sales/retail 15 12 6 17 13 19
В В В Administrative support/clerical 6 4 5 23 17 14
В В В Service professions/handlers/ cleaners 29 26 36 30 41 44
В В В Machinists/construction/ production/transportation 27 37 34 10 17 16
В В В Farm/agricultural/other workers 5 8 13 1 2 1
Industry
В В В Agriculture/ forestry/fishing/ hunting 10 10 14 10 7 6
В В В Mining/manufacturing/ construction 18 21 22 10 16 12
В В В Transportation/utilities 5 5 5 2 1 1
В В В Wholesale/retail trade 32 23 24 31 26 38
В В В Personal services 12 10 14 11 13 16
В В В Health services 3 2 2 9 13 10
В В В Other services 12 10 11 24 21 14
В В В Other 8 20 8 4 2 2
Union Member 7 6 7 5 7 5
Sample Size 1,305 1,299 882 2,723 1,437 884
Source: SIPP March 1996 cross-sectional sample.
Note: All figures are weighted using the 1996 calendar year weight.
a. SIPP contains information on employer-based health insurance coverage only for jobs that were in progress at the time of the interview. Thus, the health insurance figures pertain to jobs held by the March 1996 cross-sectional sample at the time of their wave 1 interviews. These jobs sometimes differed from the jobs they held in March 1996.

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