Characteristics of Low-Wage Workers and Their Labor Market Experiences: Evidence from the Mid- to Late 1990s. Table B.3. Distribution of Job Characteristics of Low-, Medium, and High-Wage Workers In March 1996, By Gender

04/30/2004

Table B.3.
Distribution Of Job Characteristics Of Low-, Medium, And High-Wage Workers
In March 1996, By Gender
(Percentages)
Job Characteristics Male Workers Female Workers
Low-Wage Medium-Wage High-Wage Low-Wage Medium-Wage High-Wage
Average Hourly Wage in Dollars 5.62 11.05 26.22 5.54 10.71 22.95
Usual Hours Worked per Week
В В В 1 to 19 3 1 1 9 4 5
В В В 20 to 34 13 4 2 25 12 12
В В В 35 to 40 51 52 47 52 63 56
В В В More than 40 34 43 50 14 21 27
В В В (Average hours worked) 42.9 44.8 45.6 35.2 38.9 39.3
Average Weekly Earnings in Dollars 240 495 1,217 196 417 898
Owns Business (Self-Employed) 18 9 12 10 5 7
Covered by Health Insurance(a) 41 77 89 57 87 92
Occupation
В В В Professional/technical 14 22 51 14 35 71
В В В Sales/retail 11 10 10 16 9 7
В В В Administrative support/clerical 5 7 4 20 35 14
В В В Service professions/handlers/cleaners 30 14 5 36 11 4
В В В Machinists/construction/production/
transportation
32 44 26 13 10 3
В В В Farm/agricultural/other workers 8 3 2 1 0 0
Industry
В В В Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting 11 5 7 8 3 6
В В В Mining/manufacturing/ construction 20 35 31 12 16 12
В В В Transportation/utilities 5 9 11 2 5 7
В В В Wholesale/retail trade 27 18 10 31 13 6
В В В Personal services 12 7 5 12 6 4
В В В Health services 2 3 3 10 16 22
В В В Other services 11 18 26 22 38 42
В В В Other 12 7 7 3 2 2
В В В Union Member 7 18 27 6 15 22
Sample Size 4,389 7,890 6,841 6,088 7,434 3,495
Source: SIPP March 1996 cross-sectional sample.
Note: All figures are weighted using the 1996 calendar year weight.
a. SIPP contains information on employer-based health insurance coverage only for jobs that were in progress at the time of the interview. Thus, the health insurance figures pertain to jobs held by the March 1996 cross-sectional sample at the time of their wave 1 interviews. These jobs sometimes differed from the jobs they held in March 1996.

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