Characteristics of Low-Wage Workers and Their Labor Market Experiences: Evidence from the Mid- to Late 1990s. Table B.1. Distribution of Individual and Household Characteristics of Low-, Medium-, and High-Wage Workers In March 1996, By Gender

04/30/2004

Table B.1.
Distribution Of Individual And Household Characteristics Of Low-, Medium-,
And High-Wage Workers In March 1996, By Gender
(Percentages)
Characteristics Male Workers(a) Female Workers(a)
Low-Wage Medium-Wage High-Wage Low-Wage Medium-Wage High-Wage
Individual Characteristics
Age
В В В Younger than 20 5 1 0 4 0 0
В В В 20 to 29 34 25 8 27 20 9
В В В 30 to 39 27 33 31 29 31 34
В В В 40 to 49 19 24 37 23 29 37
В В В 50 to 59 12 14 21 14 17 18
В В В 60 or older 3 3 3 4 3 2
Race/Ethnicity
В В В White and other non-Hispanic 68 82 90 76 82 86
В В В Black, non-Hispanic 14 10 6 14 12 10
В В В Hispanic 18 9 4 10 6 4
Educational Attainment
В В В Less than high school/GED 22 11 3 17 5 1
В В В High school/GED 43 41 22 45 34 14
В В В Some college 17 19 16 18 22 13
В В В College graduate or more 18 29 59 21 39 73
Has a Health Limitation
В В В No 91 95 96 91 95 97
В В В Yes 9 5 4 9 5 3
Marital Status
В В В Married 46 64 79 56 62 65
В В В Separated, divorced, widowed 15 14 11 21 21 21
В В В Single, never married 39 22 10 23 16 14
Region of Residence
В В В Northeast 15 19 22 16 21 26
В В В South 22 26 25 27 25 23
В В В Midwest 42 36 28 38 34 29
В В В Northwest 21 19 24 19 20 23
Lives in a Metropolitan Area
В В В No 27 26 15 29 20 13
В В В Yes 73 74 85 71 80 87
Household Characteristics
Household Type
В В В Single adults with children 10 6 3 18 13 9
В В В Married couples with children 36 42 49 39 36 37
В В В Married couples without children 26 28 32 25 30 29
В В В Other adults without children 28 23 16 18 21 24
Household Size
В В В 1 10 11 9 7 10 13
В В В 2 24 28 29 27 33 35
В В В 3 24 22 20 24 23 21
В В В 4 or more 41 39 42 41 34 31
Age of the Youngest Child in the Household (in Years for Those with Children)
В В В Younger than 3 30 29 24 25 22 23
В В В 3 to 6 20 22 20 22 20 19
В В В 6 to 12 28 32 36 34 36 36
В В В 13 to 18 22 17 20 20 22 22
Other Employed Adult Lives in the Household
В В В No 32 30 32 27 26 27
В В В Yes 68 70 68 73 74 73
Has a Spouse Who Earns (for Those Married)
В В В No 52 32 30 23 15 10
В В В Yes 48 68 70 77 85 90
Received Public Assistance in the Past Year
В В В No 96 98 99 96 99 100
В В В Yes 4 2 1 4 1 0
In Public or Subsidized Housing
В В В No 98 99 100 97 99 100
В В В Yes 2 1 0 3 1 0
Household Income as a Percentage of the Poverty Level
В В В 100 percent or less 14 2 0 12 2 1
В В В 101 to 200 percent 31 15 2 27 10 2
В В В More than 200 percent 55 83 97 61 88 98
Sample Size 4,389 7,890 6,841 6,088 7,434 3,495
Source: SIPP March 1996 cross-sectional sample.
Note: All figures are weighted using the 1996 calendar year weight.

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