Survey data is the only source of information available to examine child support characteristics that include race and ethnicity. Table 9 provides the subgroup analysis for heads of child support-eligible families by race and ethnicity: non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, and Hispanic origin. The majority of child support-eligible family heads (58 percent) are non-Hispanic white. About one-fourth (24 percent) of families eligible for child support in 2001 were non-Hispanic black, and 14 percent were of Hispanic origin.
Among families receiving IV-D services in 2001, slightly more than half (53 percent) were non-Hispanic white, while 28 percent were non-Hispanic black, and 15 percent were of Hispanic origin. Among all child support eligible families, 36 percent of those receiving TANF public assistance in 2001 were white, 35 percent were non-Hispanic blacks and 22 percent Hispanics. The number of non-Hispanic white custodial parents and non-Hispanic black custodial parents receiving TANF assistance were similar (370,000 compared to 355,000). While Hispanics were fewer in numbers, a similar proportion of Hispanics and non-Hispanic blacks were receiving TANF ( about 11%) and other cash assistance (about forty percent). On average non-Hispanic white families appeared to be doing better economically than non-Hispanic black and Hispanic families. Families headed by non-Hispanic whites made up 58 percent of the entire CSE population but only 42 percent of child support-eligible families in poverty and 35 percent of those in deep poverty (incomes below 50 percent of the poverty level). Additionally, at the other end of the economic spectrum, non-Hispanic white families accounted for 75 percent of all child support-eligible families with incomes above 300 percent of the poverty level.