Characteristics of Families Using Title IV-D Services in 1999 and 2001. Race/Ethnicity

10/01/2003

Survey data is the only source of information available to examine child support characteristics that include race and ethnicity.  Table 9 provides the subgroup analysis for heads of child support-eligible families by race and ethnicity: non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, and Hispanic origin. The majority of child support-eligible family heads (58 percent) are non-Hispanic white. About one-fourth (24 percent) of families eligible for child support in 2001 were non-Hispanic black, and 14 percent were of Hispanic origin.

Among families receiving IV-D services in 2001, slightly more than half (53 percent) were non-Hispanic white, while 28 percent were non-Hispanic black, and 15 percent were of Hispanic origin. Among all child support eligible families, 36 percent of those receiving TANF public assistance in 2001 were white, 35 percent were non-Hispanic blacks and 22 percent Hispanics.  The number of non-Hispanic white custodial parents and non-Hispanic black custodial parents receiving TANF assistance were similar (370,000 compared to 355,000). While Hispanics were fewer in numbers, a similar proportion of Hispanics and non-Hispanic blacks were receiving TANF ( about 11%) and other cash assistance (about forty percent). On average non-Hispanic white families appeared to be doing better economically than non-Hispanic black and Hispanic families.  Families headed by non-Hispanic whites made up 58 percent of the entire CSE population but only 42 percent of child support-eligible families in poverty and 35 percent of those in deep poverty (incomes below 50 percent of the poverty level). Additionally, at the other end of the economic spectrum, non-Hispanic white families accounted for 75 percent of all child support-eligible families with incomes above 300 percent of the poverty level.

TABLE 9:
CSE ELIGIBLE FAMILIES BY RACE: 2001
  CSE Eligible Families White Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic Hispanic
Number Percentage Number Percentage Number Percentage Number Percentage
Total CSE Eligible Families 13,382,897 100.0% 7,750,983 100.0% 3,201,874 100.0% 1,968,534 100.0%
 
IV-D Participation
IV-D 8,027,892 60.0% 4,286,476 55.3% 2,209,864 69.0% 1,261,028 64.1%
Non IV-D 5,355,005 40.0% 3,464,507 44.7% 992,011 31.0% 707,506 35.9%
 
Public Assistance(1)
TANF Cash Assistance 1,024,125 7.7% 370,319 4.8% 354,759 11.1% 242,318 12.3%
Non-TANF Assistance Only 4,034,277 30.1% 1,824,847 23.5% 1,327,876 41.5% 741,867 37.7%
No Public Assistance 8,324,495 62.2% 5,555,817 71.7% 1,519,239 47.4% 984,350 50.0%
 
Type of Public Assistance Received
TANF 1,024,125 7.7% 370,319 4.8% 354,759 11.1% 242,318 12.3%
Medicaid 4,443,901 33.2% 1,972,678 25.5% 1,431,008 44.7% 869,040 44.1%
Food Stamps 2,317,834 17.3% 854,523 11.0% 896,570 28.0% 485,544 24.7%
Housing Subsidy 1,469,194 11.0% 488,241 6.3% 701,253 21.9% 248,481 12.6%
SSI 713,151 5.3% 269,463 3.5% 265,328 8.3% 133,213 6.8%
 
Family Income
$0 313,239 2.3% 132,582 1.7% 98,481 3.1% 68,996 3.5%
$1 to $5000 670,810 5.0% 227,282 2.9% 317,323 9.9% 109,679 5.6%
$5001 to $10,000 951,341 7.1% 395,294 5.1% 344,381 10.8% 182,782 9.3%
$10,001 to $15,000 1,107,819 8.3% 582,674 7.5% 311,638 9.7% 174,693 8.9%
$15,001 to $20,000 1,102,563 8.2% 575,956 7.4% 319,851 10.0% 169,864 8.6%
$20,001 to $25,000 1,073,471 8.0% 544,147 7.0% 254,718 8.0% 209,333 10.6%
$25,001 to $30,000 1,048,736 7.8% 563,317 7.3% 302,824 9.5% 157,800 8.0%
above $30,000 7,114,919 53.2% 4,729,731 61.0% 1,252,658 39.1% 895,386 45.5%
 
Income/Poverty Ratio
<50% of poverty level 1,485,537 11.1% 516,543 6.7% 623,571 19.5% 305,617 15.5%
50 to 99% 1,645,630 12.3% 791,996 10.2% 483,191 15.1% 300,468 15.3%
100 to 149% 1,743,621 13.0% 887,378 11.4% 481,319 15.0% 308,598 15.7%
150 to 199% 1,596,197 11.9% 858,566 11.1% 415,615 13.0% 254,858 12.9%
200 to 249% 1,572,476 11.7% 898,720 11.6% 366,317 11.4% 238,622 12.1%
250 to 299% 1,332,664 10.0% 811,418 10.5% 309,560 9.7% 181,672 9.2%
>300% 4,006,772 29.9% 2,986,361 38.5% 522,303 16.3% 378,699 19.2%
 
Gender of CP
Mothers 11,291,003 84.4% 6,279,109 81.0% 2,885,426 90.1% 1,729,177 87.8%
Fathers 2,091,894 15.6% 1,471,874 19.0% 316,448 9.9% 239,357 12.2%
 
Marital Status of CP
Married 3,193,799 23.9% 2,290,909 29.6% 351,756 11.0% 469,013 23.8%
Widowed 128,557 1.0% 59,121 0.8% 41,406 1.3% 18,877 1.0%
Divorced 4,465,847 33.4% 3,203,980 41.3% 638,764 19.9% 435,351 22.1%
Separated 1,645,809 12.3% 840,497 10.8% 361,237 11.3% 369,343 18.8%
Never Married 3,948,884 29.5% 1,356,476 17.5% 1,808,711 56.5% 675,949 34.3%
 
Residence of NCP
NCP In-state 10,013,862 74.8% 5,924,077 76.4% 2,365,378 73.9% 1,386,900 70.5%
NCP Out-of-State 3,369,035 25.2% 1,826,906 23.6% 836,497 26.1% 581,634 29.5%
 
Agreement/Receipt Status
Total w/ Agreement 8,149,701 60.9% 5,135,801 66.3% 1,723,450 53.8% 1,033,112 52.5%
Legal/Informal Agreement in Place 7,916,402 59.2% 5,026,738 64.9% 1,654,155 51.7% 988,127 50.2%
Pending Legal Agreement 233,299 1.7% 109,063 1.4% 69,294 2.2% 44,985 2.3%
Total w/ Receipt 5,706,341 42.6% 3,791,274 48.9% 1,039,937 32.5% 725,175 36.8%
Receipt with support due 5,119,450 38.3% 3,493,692 45.1% 909,484 28.4% 597,138 30.3%
(1) Public assistance is defined as TANF cash asst., Medicaid, food stamps, housing subsidy and/or SSI.
SOURCE: CPS/CSS Match File, March/April 2002.