Characteristics of Families Using Title IV-D Services in 1999 and 2001. Overall Child Support-Eligible Population

10/01/2003

There were 13,382,897 child support-eligible families in the United States in 2001. A child support-eligible family is defined as a custodial parent with an own child under age twenty-one living in the household whose other parent is living but absent from the household. A majority of the child support-eligible population receives services through the IV-D program. This analysis found that eight million families, or 60 percent of the 13.4 million child support-eligible parents, participated in the IV-D system. Table 1 provides an overview of all of the family variables analyzed in this report, shown for the entire child support-eligible population. Beginning with Table 2, subsequent tables identify these characteristics within the IV-D and non IV-D populations.  While the finding presented here are only for 2001, separate tables are provided for both 1999 and 2001.

  Number Percentage
TABLE 1:
THE POPULATION OF CSE ELIGIBLE FAMILIES: 2001
Total CSE Eligible Families 13,382,897 100.0%
IV-D Participation
IV-D 8,027,892 60.0%
Non IV-D 5,355,005 40.0%
Public Assistance(1)
TANF Cash Assistance 1,024,125 7.7%
Non-TANF Assistance Only 4,034,277 30.1%
No Public Assistance 8,324,495 62.2%
Type of Public Assistance Received
TANF 1,024,125 7.7%
Medicaid 4,443,901 33.2%
Food Stamps 2,317,834 17.3%
Housing Subsidy 1,469,194 11.0%
SSI 713,151 5.3%
Family Income
$0 313,239 2.3%
$1 to $5000 670,810 5.0%
$5001 to $10,000 951,341 7.1%
$10,001 to $15,000 1,107,819 8.3%
$15,001 to $20,000 1,102,563 8.2%
$20,001 to $25,000 1,073,471 8.0%
$25,001 to $30,000 1,048,736 7.8%
above $30,000 7,114,919 53.2%
Income/Poverty Ratio
<50% of poverty level 1,485,537 11.1%
50 to 99% 1,645,630 12.3%
100 to 149% 1,743,621 13.0%
150 to 199% 1,596,197 11.9%
200 to 249% 1,572,476 11.7%
250 to 299% 1,332,664 10.0%
>300% 4,006,772 29.9%
Gender of CP
Mothers 11,291,003 84.4%
Fathers 2,091,894 15.6%
Marital Status of CP
Married 3,193,799 23.9%
Widowed 128,557 1.0%
Divorced 4,465,847 33.4%
Separated 1,645,809 12.3%
Never Married 3,948,884 29.5%
Residence of NCP
NCP In-state 10,013,862 74.8%
NCP Out-of-State 3,369,035 25.2%
Agreement/Receipt Status
Total with Agreement 8,149,701 60.9%
Legal/Informal Agreement in Place 7,916,402 59.2%
Pending Legal Agreement 233,299 1.7%
Total w/ Receipt 5,706,341 42.6%
Receipt with support due 5,119,450 38.3%
(1) Public assistance is defined as TANF cash asst., Medicaid, food stamps, housing subsidy and/or SSI.
SOURCE: CPS/CSS Match File, March/April 2002.

 

  Number Percentage
TABLE 2:
RECEIPT OF PUBLIC ASSISTANCE(1) OF CSE ELIGIBLE FAMILIES: 2001
IV-D Yes 8,027,892 100.0%
TANF Cash Assistance 1,024,125 12.8%
Non-TANF Assistance Only 3,740,188 46.6%
No Public Assistance 3,263,579 40.7%
 
Type of Public Assistance Received
TANF 1,024,125 12.8%
Medicaid 4,443,901 55.4%
Food Stamps 2,196,354 27.4%
Housing Subsidy 1,308,920 16.3%
SSI 677,764 8.4%
 
IV-D No 5,355,005 100.0%
TANF Cash Assistance 0 0.0%
Non-TANF Assistance Only 294,089 5.5%
No Public Assistance 5,060,916 94.5%
 
Type of Public Assistance Received
TANF 0 0.0%
Medicaid 0 0.0%
Food Stamps 121,480 2.3%
Housing Subsidy 160,275 3.0%
SSI 35,387 0.7%
 
All 13,382,897 100.0%
TANF Cash Assistance 1,024,125 7.7%
Non-TANF Assistance Only 4,034,277 30.1%
No Public Assistance 8,324,495 62.2%
 
Type of Public Assistance Received
TANF 1,024,125 7.7%
Medicaid 4,443,901 33.2%
Food Stamps 2,317,834 17.3%
Housing Subsidy 1,469,194 11.0%
SSI 713,151 5.3%
(1) Public assistance is defined as TANF cash asst., Medicaid, food stamps, housing subsidy and/or SSI.
SOURCE: CPS/CSS Match File, March/April 2002.