Characteristics of Families Using Title IV-D Services in 1999 and 2001. Families at or Near Poverty

10/01/2003

Another subgroup analysis focuses on the outcomes for low-income child support-eligible families. Table 10 shows the characteristics for CSE eligible families with incomes below the federal poverty line, both for all families and by race and ethnicity. Table 11 shows the same characteristics, for CSE eligible families who are poor and near poor (defined as families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level).

TABLE 10:
CSE ELIGIBLE FAMILIES BELOW FPL BY RACE: 2001
  Entire Population White Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic Hispanic
Number Percentage Number Percentage Number Percentage Number Percentage
Total CSE Eligible Families 3,131,166 100.0% 1,308,539 100.0% 1,106,761 100.0% 606,085 100.0%
 
IV-D Participation
IV-D 2,616,851 83.6% 1,055,057 80.6% 968,081 87.5% 499,465 82.4%
Non IV-D 514,316 16.4% 253,482 19.4% 138,680 12.5% 106,620 17.6%
 
Public Assistance(1)
TANF Cash Assistance 736,283 23.5% 246,644 18.8% 299,799 27.1% 162,672 26.8%
Non-TANF Assistance Only 1,689,169 53.9% 668,835 51.1% 639,998 57.8% 319,087 52.6%
No Public Assistance 705,714 22.5% 393,061 30.0% 166,965 15.1% 124,325 20.5%
 
Type of Public Assistance Received
TANF 736,283 23.5% 246,644 18.8% 299,799 27.1% 162,672 26.8%
Medicaid 2,156,527 68.9% 831,623 63.6% 817,964 73.9% 427,090 70.5%
Food Stamps 1,641,060 52.4% 580,479 44.4% 673,370 60.8% 328,595 54.2%
Housing Subsidy 987,087 31.5% 302,130 23.1% 499,905 45.2% 164,605 27.2%
SSI 348,934 11.1% 130,819 10.0% 152,499 13.8% 41,659 6.9%
 
Family Income
$0 313,239 10.0% 132,582 10.1% 98,481 8.9% 68,996 11.4%
$1 to $5000 670,810 21.4% 227,282 17.4% 317,323 28.7% 109,679 18.1%
$5001 to $10,000 951,341 30.4% 395,294 30.2% 344,381 31.1% 182,782 30.2%
$10,001 to $15,000 781,637 25.0% 425,375 32.5% 207,793 18.8% 123,335 20.3%
$15,001 to $20,000 272,271 8.7% 97,700 7.5% 94,126 8.5% 67,974 11.2%
$20,001 to $25,000 87,545 2.8% 28,828 2.2% 14,813 1.3% 30,320 5.0%
$25,001 to $30,000 30,008 1.0% 1,479 0.1% 11,014 1.0% 17,516 2.9%
above $30,000 24,314 0.8% 0 0.0% 18,831 1.7% 5,483 0.9%
 
Income/Poverty Ratio
<50% of poverty level 1,485,537 47.4% 516,543 39.5% 623,571 56.3% 305,617 50.4%
50 to 99% 1,645,630 52.6% 791,996 60.5% 483,191 43.7% 300,468 49.6%
 
Gender of CP
Mothers 2,823,467 90.2% 1,137,154 86.9% 1,021,682 92.3% 564,146 93.1%
Fathers 307,699 9.8% 171,385 13.1% 85,080 7.7% 41,940 6.9%
 
Marital Status of CP
Married 249,528 8.0% 118,858 9.1% 48,357 4.4% 75,564 12.5%
Widowed 26,341 0.8% 8,318 0.6% 3,760 0.3% 9,090 1.5%
Divorced 856,206 27.3% 556,938 42.6% 167,446 15.1% 94,907 15.7%
Separated 530,064 16.9% 228,409 17.5% 134,898 12.2% 143,238 23.6%
Never Married 1,469,027 46.9% 396,016 30.3% 752,301 68.0% 283,286 46.7%
 
Residence of NCP
NCP In-state 2,361,971 75.4% 999,436 76.4% 871,750 78.8% 405,087 66.8%
NCP Out-of-State 769,195 24.6% 309,103 23.6% 235,012 21.2% 200,999 33.2%
 
Agreement/Receipt Status
Total with Agreement 1,793,785 57.3% 837,379 64.0% 577,349 52.2% 319,486 52.7%
Legal/Informal Agreement in Place 1,706,126 54.5% 801,075 61.2% 545,883 49.3% 303,697 50.1%
Pending Legal Agreement 87,659 2.8% 36,304 2.8% 31,466 2.8% 15,788 2.6%
Total w/ Receipt 1,151,746 36.8% 582,613 44.5% 294,706 26.6% 230,844 38.1%
Receipt with support due 962,547 30.7% 500,554 38.3% 249,129 22.5% 184,367 30.4%
(1) Public assistance is defined as TANF cash asst., Medicaid, food stamps, housing subsidy and/or SSI.
SOURCE: CPS/CSS Match File, March/April 2002.

 

TABLE 11:
CSE ELIGIBLE FAMILIES BELOW 200% FPL BY RACE: 2001
  Entire Population White Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic Hispanic
Number Percentage Number Percentage Number Percentage Number Percentage
Total CSE Eligible Families 6,470,985 100.0% 3,054,483 100.0% 2,003,695 100.0% 1,169,541 100.0%
 
IV-D Participation
IV-D 4,818,887 74.5% 2,215,986 72.5% 1,556,010 77.7% 860,949 73.6%
Non IV-D 1,652,098 25.5% 838,497 27.5% 447,684 22.3% 308,591 26.4%
 
Public Assistance(1)
TANF Cash Assistance 939,143 14.5% 337,361 11.0% 334,831 16.7% 221,071 18.9%
Non-TANF Assistance Only 3,081,802 47.6% 1,346,175 44.1% 1,064,448 53.1% 562,538 48.1%
No Public Assistance 2,450,040 37.9% 1,370,947 44.9% 604,416 30.2% 385,932 33.0%
 
Type of Public Assistance Received
TANF 939,143 14.5% 337,361 11.0% 334,831 16.7% 221,071 18.9%
Medicaid 3,555,401 54.9% 1,528,423 50.0% 1,198,466 59.8% 691,025 59.1%
Food Stamps 2,176,259 33.6% 795,292 26.0% 852,982 42.6% 451,405 38.6%
Housing Subsidy 1,349,054 20.8% 442,456 14.5% 650,956 32.5% 227,302 19.4%
SSI 549,553 8.5% 197,499 6.5% 229,150 11.4% 88,809 7.6%
 
Family Income
$0 313,239 4.8% 132,582 4.3% 98,481 4.9% 68,996 5.9%
$1 to $5000 670,810 10.4% 227,282 7.4% 317,323 15.8% 109,679 9.4%
$5001 to $10,000 951,341 14.7% 395,294 12.9% 344,381 17.2% 182,782 15.6%
$10,001 to $15,000 1,107,819 17.1% 582,674 19.1% 311,638 15.6% 174,693 14.9%
$15,001 to $20,000 1,102,563 17.0% 575,956 18.9% 319,851 16.0% 169,864 14.5%
$20,001 to $25,000 994,937 15.4% 498,939 16.3% 237,920 11.9% 197,976 16.9%
$25,001 to $30,000 593,843 9.2% 259,312 8.5% 200,254 10.0% 119,292 10.2%
above $30,000 736,433 11.4% 382,443 12.5% 173,846 8.7% 146,258 12.5%
 
Income/Poverty Ratio
<50% of poverty level 1,485,537 23.0% 516,543 16.9% 623,571 31.1% 305,617 26.1%
50 to 99% 1,645,630 25.4% 791,996 25.9% 483,191 24.1% 300,468 25.7%
100 to 149% 1,743,621 26.9% 887,378 29.1% 481,319 24.0% 308,598 26.4%
150 to 199% 1,596,197 24.7% 858,566 28.1% 415,615 20.7% 254,858 21.8%
 
Gender of CP
Mothers 5,767,014 89.1% 2,629,779 86.1% 1,854,838 92.6% 1,063,853 91.0%
Fathers 703,971 10.9% 424,704 13.9% 148,857 7.4% 105,688 9.0%
 
Marital Status of CP
Married 861,495 13.3% 545,860 17.9% 116,419 5.8% 178,373 15.3%
Widowed 47,924 0.7% 11,017 0.4% 22,643 1.1% 9,090 0.8%
Divorced 1,966,354 30.4% 1,274,054 41.7% 358,735 17.9% 222,833 19.1%
Separated 970,525 15.0% 411,179 13.5% 248,030 12.4% 277,885 23.8%
Never Married 2,624,687 40.6% 812,372 26.6% 1,257,867 62.8% 481,360 41.2%
 
Residence of NCP
NCP In-state 4,779,495 73.9% 2,293,037 75.1% 1,532,607 76.5% 774,353 66.2%
NCP Out-of-State 1,691,490 26.1% 761,446 24.9% 471,087 23.5% 395,188 33.8%
 
Agreement/Receipt Status
Total with Agreement 3,756,253 58.0% 1,965,394 64.3% 1,053,101 52.6% 598,044 51.1%
Legal/Informal Agreement in Place 3,616,917 55.9% 1,902,146 62.3% 1,003,369 50.1% 578,820 49.5%
Pending Legal Agreement 139,336 2.2% 63,248 2.1% 49,732 2.5% 19,223 1.6%
Total w/ Receipt 2,490,278 38.5% 1,398,878 45.8% 589,956 29.4% 423,207 36.2%
Receipt with support due 2,146,855 33.2% 1,242,450 40.7% 502,422 25.1% 342,346 29.3%
(1) Public assistance is defined as TANF cash asst., Medicaid, food stamps, housing subsidy and/or SSI.
SOURCE: CPS/CSS Match File, March/April 2002.

In 2001, 3.1 million child support-eligible families, or 23 percent of the total population of families eligible for child support, had incomes below the federal poverty line. An additional 25 percent of families had incomes between 100 percent and 200 percent of poverty. In total about one-half of child support-eligible families had income that placed the family either at or near poverty. Poor families were much more likely than the general population of child support-eligible families to receive IV-D services. About 84 percent of poor child support-eligible families were in the IV-D system in 2001, compared to 53percent of non-poor child support-eligible families.

Poor families generally fared worse than all child support-eligible families across a number of outcomes. Poor custodial parents were more likely to be never married than other child support-eligible families. In addition, child support-eligible families who were poor were slightly less likely than families with incomes above the poverty line to have a child support award in place or be receiving child support. However, poor families were no more likely than all child support eligible families to have the non-custodial parent living in a different state (26%).