Characteristics of Families Using Title IV-D Services in 1997. Race/Ethnicity


One aspect missing from the earlier report on the status of child support-eligible families in 1995 was subgroup analysis using the wide breadth of data available in the CPS and CSS. One such subgroup analysis is differences in outcomes across individuals and families of different races and ethnicities.

Tables 9A and 9B show outcomes for all heads of child support-eligible families, as well as for those who are non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, and of Hispanic origin. The majority of child support-eligible family heads (60 percent) are non-Hispanic white. About one-fourth (26 percent) of families eligible for child support in 1997 were non-Hispanic black, and 14 percent were of Hispanic origin.

However, among families receiving IV-D services in 1997, a slightly smaller percentage (52 percent) were non-Hispanic white, while 31 percent were non-Hispanic black, and 16 percent were of Hispanic origin. Within the IV-D caseload, the tables show that only 37 percent of those child support-eligible families receiving TANF cash assistance in 1997 were white. Non-Hispanic whites also appeared, on average, to be doing better economically than non-Hispanic blacks and Hispanics. Families headed by non-Hispanic whites made up 41 percent of child support-eligible families in poverty, and 35 percent of those in deep poverty (incomes below 50 percent of the poverty level). In contrast, these families accounted for 80 percent of all child support-eligible families with incomes above 300 percent of the poverty level.