Variables to be examined were selected in part based on characteristics that were found to be important in past research along with those proposed by members of an Expert Panel, convened to guide the conceptualization of the typology (a detailed meeting summary is included in Chapter 3). Demographic and background variables were examined, including the mother's age, race, and whether her first birth was as a teenager, as were several household characteristics, such as the number of children in the household and whether the mother was living with her spouse/partner, living with her own mother, or living with other adults (not including her spouse/partner). Variables were also examined that allow us to describe services used by these households, including receipt of health services, employment training, child care, and housing-related services, such as living in public housing or receiving housing assistance. Changes in health status, alcohol and substance use, and mental health have also been examined. Reports of whether the mother had recently been hit or slapped by her partner/spouse/child's father were also combined to create a measure of domestic violence. Table 3-1 provides a complete list of the variables that were examined.
Descriptive analyses, described below, were conducted with all of the variables shown in Table 5-1. Only those variables that showed substantial variation between housing groups (e.g., there were statistically significant differences between stably housed or homeless and at least two of the three other groups) or were considered important background and demographic characteristics, however, were included in the multivariate analyses.
|Table 5-2. Variables from Fragile Families data set to be examined in descriptive reanalyses|
|Demographics (Mother and Father)
Problems Making Ends Meet
Health, Mental Health, and Substance Abuse