Characteristics and Dynamics of Homeless Families with Children. E.1 Outcome Tables for Fragile Families Data Set

10/01/2007

Table E-1.
Demographic and background characteristics households
at least 50 percent below poverty line
  Stably       Significant Group Comparisons
Stable At Risk Dbld
Housed At-Risk Doubled-Up Homeless vs. vs. vs.
Variable n = 187 (%) n = 347 (%) n = 231 (%) n = 73 (%) A D H D H H
Demographics – Mother
(Baseline)
Race – All Categories
White 16 18 22 12            
Black 63 66 62 70            
Asian 2 2 1 3            
American Indian 7 6 7 4            
Hispanic -- 0.3 -- --            
Other 13 9 9 11            

Race –
% African American

62 65 61 70            

Age
(mean, standard deviation)

24.7
(5.5)
24.2
(5.5)
24.1
(6.1)
24.0
(6.0)
           
Mother’s Income (%)
< $5,000 46 51 55 49            
$5,000 – $10,000 36 34 26 37            
> $10,000 17 15 20 14            
Demographics – Father
(Baseline)
Race – All Categories
White 14 16 21 10           X
Black 63 69 62 79           X
Asian 2 1 0.4 1            
American Indian 7 5 7 1            
Hispanic -- -- -- --            
Other 15 9 11 9            

Race –
% African-American (mother’s report)

54 59 58 60            
Age
(mean, standard deviation)
16.5
(17.5)
18.4
(16.3)
16.8
(16.2)
19.2
(17.5)
           
Father’s Income (%)
< $5,000 18 17 15 8            
$5,000 – $10,000 9 15 19 17            
> $10,000 73 69 66 75            

 

Table E-1.
Demographic and background characteristics households
at least 50 percent below poverty line (continued)
  Stably       Significant Group Comparisons
Stable At Risk Dbld
Housed At-Risk Doubled-Up Homeless vs. vs. vs.
Variable n = 187 (%) n = 347 (%) n = 231 (%) n = 73 (%) A D H D H H
Background – Mother

Living with both biological parents at age 15

39 30 35 29 X          

Had first birth as a teen

30 30 27 36            

Mothers Age at 1st Birth

19.8 19.4 20.0 19.1            

Any new pregnancies or children?

Year 1 27 16 11 16            

Year 3

41 35 36 45            

Mother’s Education – Baseline

< HS 54 51 55 55            
HS + 47 49 45 45            

Currently attend any school/training – 1 year

17 20 14 18            

Mother has worked since child’s birth – 1 year

65 73 75 73            

Do any regular work for pay last week?

Year 1 35 38 37 34            
Year 3 51 47 44 32     X   X  

Visited a doctor/health care professional
to check on the pregnancy – Baseline

93 94 98 92       X   X

 

Table E-1.
Demographic and background characteristics households
at least 50 percent below poverty line (continued)
  Stably       Significant Group Comparisons
Stable At Risk Dbld
Housed At-Risk Doubled-Up Homeless vs. vs. vs.
Variable n = 187 (%) n = 347 (%) n = 231 (%) n = 73 (%) A D H D H H
Mother’s Household Composition

Lives with Partner/Spouse

Baseline 42 44 38 40            
Year 1 57 48 35 40   X X X    
Year 3 45 45 36 30     X X X  

Lives with Mother (i.e. child’s grandmother)

Baseline 27 18 27 23 X     X    
Year 1 16 10 22 14       X    
Year 3 9 6 8 18   X   X   X
Child lives with mother
Baseline 98 99 100 94   X     X X
Year 1 97 99 94 93       X X  
Year 3 97 98 95 89     X   X  

Number of adults in Household (not partner)

Baseline .80 .52 .87 .59 X     X   X
Year 1 .67 .39 .97 .62 X X   X   X
Year 3 .69 .58 1.04 .87   X   X X  

Number of  children in household

Baseline 1.89 1.57 1.56 1.44 X X X      
Year 1 2.83 2.68 2.86 2.56            
Year 3 2.94 2.79 2.76 2.77            
Spouse/Partner Working
Baseline 34 37 31 30            
Year 1 41 31 20 18 X X X X X  
Year 3 16 13 7 5   X X X    

 

Table E-1.
Demographic and background characteristics households
at least 50 percent below poverty line (continued)
  Stably       Significant Group Comparisons
Stable At Risk Dbld
Housed At-Risk Doubled-Up Homeless vs. vs. vs.
Variable n = 187 (%) n = 347 (%) n = 231 (%) n = 73 (%) A D H D H H
Other adult in household working
Baseline 31 20 39 25 X     X   X
Year 1 22 13 31 19 X X    X   X
Year 3 33 28 44 38   X   X    
Housing
Mother lives in housing project
Baseline 23 24 18 23            
Year 1 33 31 18 19   X X X X  

Year 3

28 26 21 27            

Mother receives housing subsidy

Baseline 28 35 20 38       X   X
Year 1 31 34 19 14     X X X X
Year 3 32 34 22 29   X   X    

Safety of streets around home at night – Baseline

Very Safe 19 13 18 16            
Safe 61 60 56 47     X      
Unsafe 16 21 21 27     X      
Very Unsafe 4 6 5 10            
Problems Making Ends Meet

Received free food/meal in past 12 months

Year 1 3 15 20 34 X X X   X X

Year 3

2 15 16 35 X X X   X X

In past 12 months, children went hungry – Year 1

0 2 2 5     X      

In past 12 months, mother went hungry – Year 1

2 7 12 22 X X X   X X
Social Support

During pregnancy, received financial support
other than baby’s father? – Baseline

53 57 67 67   X X X    
Next year, would someone in family loan you $200?
Baseline 85 81 80 79            
Year 1 74 74 67 64            
Year 3 82 72 75 74 X          

Next year, would someone in family give you a place to live?

Baseline 90 86 88 85            
Year 1 82 72 80 64 X   X X    
Year 3 82 74 79 62     X   X X
Next year, would someone help you with babysitting/ child care?
Baseline 92 37 88 89            
Year 1 82 79 81 81            
Year 3 90 77 84 75 X   X X    
Count on someone to co-sign loan for $1000
Year 1 50 37 42 33 X   X      

Year 3

54 40 37 26 X X X   X  
Government Assistance

In last year, had income from public assistance,
welfare, or food stamps – Baseline

60 69 58 74 X   X X   X

In last year, had income from unemployment insurance,
worker’s compensation, disability, or SSI - Baseline

8 8 17 12            

Received food stamps in past 12 months

Year 1 68 75 68 82     X     X
Year 3 60 71 74 76 X X X      

Complete tax form – Year 1

44 47 44 36            

Applied for Earned Income Tax Credit? – Year 1

43 72 65 74 X X X      

Have any health insurance

Year 1 88 90 84 85       X    
Year 3 90 93 93 97            
Health, Mental Health, and Substance Abuse
Mother’s health (avg.)
Baseline 2.07 2.28 2.32 2.48 X X X      
Year 1 1.95 2.39 2.42 2.55 X X X      

Year 3

2.05 2.45 2.45 2.65 X X X      
Use Alcohol
Baseline 9 12 13 25     X   X X
Year 1 17 28 28 29 X X X      
Year 3 30 47 49 49 X X X      
Use Drugs
Baseline 7 5 13 25   X X X X X
Year 1 1 3 5 5   X X      

Year 3

1 9 9 20 X X X   X X
Use Cigarettes
Baseline 20 29 30 40 X X X      
Year 1 25 36 39 47 X X X      

In past year, has alcohol or drugs interfered with work/relationships?

Baseline 1 4 6 4 X X        
Year 1 2 1 6 5   X   X X  

Year 3

3 6 7 16 X   X     X

Felt sad/depressed 2 or more weeks in a row

Year 1 12 24 24 46 X X X   X X

Year 3

15 31 38 39 X X X      

 

Table E-1.
Demographic and background characteristics households
at least 50 percent below poverty line (continued)
  Stably       Significant Group Comparisons
Stable At Risk Dbld
Housed At-Risk Doubled-Up Homeless vs. vs. vs.
Variable n = 187 (%) n = 347 (%) n = 231 (%) n = 73 (%) A D H D H H

Lost interest in hobbies/work for 2 or more weeks in a row

Year 1 3 16 19 20 X X X      

Year 3

6 14 15 24 X X X      

Felt tense/anxious for month or longer

Year 1 7 20 20 36 X X X   X X
Year 3 5 22 24 39 X X X   X X

Sought help or was treated for drug or alcohol problems

Year 1 4 4 6 12     X   X  
Year 3 1 1 6 6   X X X X  

Hit or slapped by spouse/partner

Baseline 2 4 7 8   X X      
Year 1 4 10 12 19 X X X   X  

Year 3

8 13 16 25   X X   X  

 

  Year 1 Model Yr 1 or 3 Model Year 3 Model
Table E-2.
Logistic regression models year 1 and year 3 homeless households
at least 50 percent below poverty line 
  n=778 n=775 n=688
Nagelkerke R2 .157 .166 .333
Age      
Race (% Black)      
Live Both Parents @ 15      
Teen Birth     .872*
Preg @ Year 1      
Preg @ Year 3 # #  
Partner – Baseline     #
Partner – Yr 1 # #  
Change Partner B-1     #
Change Partner 1-3 # # -1.536***
Live with Mother – Base     #
Live with Mother – Yr 1 # # 1.007*
Change Live Mom B-1     #
Change Live Mom 1-3 # #  
# Adults in Hhld – Base     #
# Adults in Hhld – Yr 1      
# Adults in Hhld – Yr 3 # # .509**
# Kids – Baseline     #
# Kids – Yr 1      
# Kids – Yr 3 # #  
Social Support – Base
(# Sources 0-3)
    #
Social Support – Yr 1      
Social Support – Yr 3 # #  
$1000 Loan – Yr 1      
$1000 Loan – Yr 3 # # -1.303*
Educ Level – Baseline (<HS/HS+)      
Mother Working – Base     #
Mother Working – Yr 1 # # -1.537*
Change Mom Work B-1     #
Change Mom Work 1-3 # # -1.803**
Income – Year 1 (ln) -.155* -.182** -.303***
Partner Working – Base     #
Partner Working – Yr 1 # #  
Change Partner Work B-1     #
Change Partner Work 1-3 # #  
Other Adult Work – Base     #
Other Adult Work – Yr 1      
Other Adult Work – Yr 3 # #  
# Indicates cell that is gray.

 

  Year 1 Model Yr 1 or 3 Model Year 3 Model
Table E-2.
Logistic regression models year 1 and year 3 homeless households
at least 50 percent below poverty line (continued) 
  n=778 n=775 n=688
Nagelkerke R2 .157 .166 .333
Health Status – Base
(1:Excellent – 5:Poor)
    #
Health Status – Yr 1      
Health Status – Yr 3 # #  
Ever Use SA – Base and Yr 1 1.076*    

SA Ever Interfere – B and
Yr 1

  .781* #
Ever DV – B and Yr 1 1.092** .764* #
MH Prob – Yr 1 .306 .473*** #
Ever Use SA – Base, 1, 3 # #  
SA Ever Interfere – B, 1, 3 # #  
Ever DV – B, 1, 3 # #  
MH Prob – Yr 3 # # .637**

Neigh Safety – Baseline
(1 Very Safe – 4 Very Unsafe)

    .535*
Public Hsng – Base     #
Public Hsng – Yr 1 # #  
Change Pub Hsng B-1     #
Change Pub Hsng 1-3 # #  
Hsng Assist – Baseline   -.815* #
Hsng Assist – Yr 1 # # -1.473*
Change Hsng Assist B-1 -1.029*** -1.359*** #
Change Hsng Assit 1-3 # #  
TANF/Food Stamps – Base     #
Receive TANF – Yr 1 .995** 1.029*** .759
Change TANF 1-3 # #  
Receive Food Stamps – Yr 1      
Change Food Stamps 1-3 # #  
*Significant at P<.05
**Significant at P<.01
***Significant at P<.001
# Indicates cell that is gray.

 

  Year 1 Model Yr 1 or 3 Model Year 3 Model
Table E-3.
Logistic regression models year 1 and year 3 stably housed households
at least 50 percent below poverty line
  n=778 n=775 n=688
Nagelkerke R2 .221 .197 .183
Age   .033  
Race (% Black)      
Live Both Parents @ 15      
Teen Birth      
Preg @ Year 1      
Preg @ Year 3 # #  
Partner – Baseline .530** .548* #
Partner – Yr 1 # #  
Change Partner B-1 .456*   #
Change Partner 1-3 # # -.303
Live with Mother – Baseline     #
Live with Mother – Yr 1 # #  
Change Live Mom B-1 .336   #
Change Live Mom 1-3 # # -.479**
# Adults in Hhld – Baseline .186* .210* #
# Adults in Hhld – Yr 1      
# Adults in Hhld – Yr 3 # #  
# Kids – Baseline .194***   #
# Kids – Yr 1      
# Kids – Yr 3 # #  

Social Support – Base
(# Sources 0-3)

    #
Social Support – Yr 1      
Social Support – Yr 3 # #  
$1000 Loan – Yr 1 .291    
$1000 Loan – Yr 3 # #  

Educ Level – Baseline (<HS/HS+)

     
Mother Working – Baseline -.283   #
Mother Working – Yr 1 # #  
Change Mom Work B-1     #
Change Mom Work 1-3 # # .383**
Income – Yr 1 (ln) .091 .112  
Partner Working – Base     #
Partner Working – Yr 1 # #  
Change Partner Work B-1 .705** .881*** #
Change Partner Work 1-3 # #  
Other Adult Working –Base     #
Other Adult Working – Yr 1      
Other Adult Working – Yr 3 # #  
# Indicates cell that is gray.

 

  Year 1 Model Yr 1 or 3 Model Year 3 Model
Table E-3.
Logistic regression models year 1 and year 3 stably housed households
at least 50 percent below poverty line (continued) 
  n=778 n=775 n=688
Nagelkerke R2 .221 .197 .183
Health Status – Base
(1:Excellent – 5:Poor)
-.149 -.323*** #
Health Status – Yr 1     -.130
Health Status – Yr 3 # #  
Ever Use SA – Base and Yr1 -.473** -.644** #
SA Ever Interfere – B and Yr 1     #
Ever DV – B and Yr 1 -1.037*** -.928* #
MH Prob – Yr 1 -.546*** -.625*** #
Ever Use SA – Base, 1, 3 # # -.692***
SA Ever Interfere – B, 1, 3 # #  
Ever DV – B, 1, 3 # #  
MH Prob – Yr 3 # # -.583***
Neigh Safety – Baseline
(1 Very Safe – 4 Very Unsafe)
     
Public Hsng – Base   .823** #
Public Hsng – Yr 1 # # .528**
Change Pub Hsng B-1   .548* #
Change Pub Hsng 1-3 # #  
Hsng Assist – Baseline     #
Hsng Assist – Yr 1 # #  
Change Hsng Assist B-1   .352 #
Change Hsng Assit 1-3 # #  
TANF/Food Stamps – Base     #
Receive TANF – Yr 1     -.304
Change TANF 1-3 # #  
Receive Food Stamps – Yr 1      
Change Food Stamps 1-3 # # -.508**
*Significant at P<.05
**Significant at P<.01
***Significant at P<.001
# Indicates cell that is gray.

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