Characteristics and Dynamics of Homeless Families with Children. B.2: European Typology of Homelessness and Housing Exclusion (ETHOS)

10/01/2007

Conceptual category Operational category Sub-Category Description
Roofless
  1. Living in a public space (no abode)

  2. Stay in a night shelter and/or forced to spend several hours a day in a public space

1.1

1.2

2.1

2.2

2.3

Sleeping Rough

Contacted by outreach services

Low-threshold / direct access shelter

Arranged (e.g. low budget hotel)

Short-stay hostel

Houseless

  1. Homeless hostel / temporary accommodation

3.1

3.2

3.3

3.4

Short-stay homeless hostel

Temporary housing (no defined time)

Temporary housing (transitional defined)

Temporary housing (longer stay)

 
  1. Women’s shelter / refuge

4.1

4.2

Shelter accommodation

Supported accommodation

 
  1. Accommodation for asylum seekers and immigrants

5.1

5.2

5.3

Reception centers (asylum)

Repatriate accommodation

Migrant workers hostels

 
  1. Institutional Release
6.1

6.2

Penal institutions (period defined nationally)

Institutions (care and hospital)

 
  1. Specialist Supported Accommodation (for homeless people)

7.1

7.2

7.3

7.4

Supported accommodation (group)

Supported accommodation (individual)

Foyers

Teenage parent accommodation

Insecure housing
  1. No tenancy
  2. Eviction Order
  3. Violence

8.1

8.2

9.1

9.2

10.1

Living temporarily with family or friends (not through choice)

(Housing /Social Service records)

Living in dwelling without a standard legal (sub) tenancy (excludes squatting)

Legal orders enforced (rented housing)

Re-possession orders (owned housing)

Living under threat of violence from partner or family (police recorded incidents)

Inadequate housing
  1. Temporary structure
  2. Unfit Housing
  3. Extreme Overcrowding
11.1

11.2

11.3

12.1

13.1

Mobile home / caravan (which is not holiday accommodation)

Illegal occupation of a site (e.g. Roma / Traveller / Gypsy)

Illegal occupation of a building (squatting)

Dwellings unfit for habitation under national legislation (occupied)

Highest national norm of overcrowding

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