Change in Child Poverty by Select Demographic Characteristics: 2007-2012. Change in Child Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

10/23/2013

  • Since 2007 poverty increased steeply for Black Children, Hispanic children, and children of two or more races.
  • The child poverty rate increased most, by 5.2 percentage points each, for Hispanic children and children identified with two or more races between 2007 and 2012.
  • The highest child poverty rates in 2007 and 2012 were experienced by Black children at 34.5 percent and 37.9 percent, respectively.
  • The number of white non-Hispanic children in poverty grew by about 500,000 from 2007 to 2012. Over the same period the number of poor Hispanic children increased by 1.5 million for a total of 6 million Hispanic children living in poverty, the largest number of any group.

Figure 2a. Child Poverty by Race and Ethnicity, 2007 and 2012

 

 

Hispanic

White non-Hispanic

Black

Asian

Two or more races

 

2007

28.6

10.1

34.5

12.5

18.2

 

2008

30.6

10.6

34.7

14.6

19.0

 

2009

33.1

11.9

35.7

14.0

25.3

 

2010

35.0

12.4

39.1

14.4

24.9

 

2011

34.1

12.5

38.8

13.5

23.1

 

2012

33.8

12.3

37.9

13.8

23.4

 

Source: U.S. Census Bureau Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplements.

 

Figure 2b. Child Poverty by Race and Ethnicity, 2007 and 2012

 

     

 

Hispanic

White, non-Hispanic

Black

Asian

Two or more races

   

2007

28.6

10.1

34.5

12.5

18.2

   

2012

33.8

12.3

37.9

13.8

23.4

   
               

Source: U.S. Census Bureau Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplements.

 

Figure 2c. Number of Poor Children by Race and Ethnicity, 2007 and 2012

 

 

Hispanic

White, non-Hispanic

Black

Asian

Two or more races

     

2007

4.5

4.3

3.9

0.4

0.4

     

2012

6.0

4.8

4.2

0.5

0.8

     
                 

 

Source: U.S. Census Bureau Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplements.

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