Change in Child Poverty by Select Demographic Characteristics: 2007-2012. Change in Child Poverty by Immigrant Generation

10/23/2013

  • Both prior to and since the Great Recession, third and later generation children have had lower poverty rates than their peers in immigrant families.
  • First generation children (the foreign-born) had higher poverty rates than the second generation (children born to foreign-born parents) from 2007 through 2011.
  • Second generation children experienced the most poverty increase between 2007 and 2012 at 5.7 percentage points.
  • Following the Great Recession, child poverty fell more among the first generation. By 2012, the poverty rate for both first and second generation children was 27.9 percent.
  • Most poor children in 2012 were either second generation (4.4 million) or third and later generation (10.9 million) with a small minority in the first generation (800,000).

 

Figure 4a. Child Poverty by Immigrant Generation, 2007 and 2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1st Generation

2nd Generation

3rd+ Generation

     

2007

26.8

22.2

16.4

     

2008

29.1

24.7

17.0

     

2009

28.9

27.4

18.5

     

2010

32.1

30.1

19.2

     

2011

29.6

27.8

19.8

     

2012

27.9

27.9

19.7

     

 

Source: U.S. Census Bureau Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplements, 2008-2013.

 

Figure 4b. Child Poverty by Immigrant Generation, 2007 and 2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1st Generation

2nd Generation

3rd+ Generation

 

   

2007

26.8

22.2

16.4

 

   

2012

27.9

27.9

19.7

 

   
             

Source: U.S. Census Bureau Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplements.

 

Figure 4c.  Number of Poor Children by Immigrant Generation, 2007 and 2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1st Generation

2nd Generation

3rd+ Generation

 

     

2007

0.9

3.2

9.2

 

     

2012

0.8

4.4

10.9

 

     
               

 

             

Source: U.S. Census Bureau Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplements.

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