Change in Child Poverty by Select Demographic Characteristics: 2007-2012. Change in Child Poverty by Age

10/23/2013

  • In 2012, one of every four U.S. children under age 5 lived in poverty. From well before the recession, children under 5 years of age have had higher poverty rates than older children.
  • The child poverty rate climbed most steeply for children ages 6-11 years, increasing by 5.3 percentage points from 2007 to 2012.
  • The number of poor children in each age group increased. Compared with 2007, the poor population in 2012 had increased by about 1.4 million children ages 6-11 years,  700,000 children ages 0-5, and 700,000 adolescents.
  • The largest number of poor children is made up of those ages 0-5 years, a total of 5.9 million in 2012.

 

Figure 1a. Child Poverty by Age, 2007-2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ages 0-5

Ages 6-11

Ages 12-17

     

2007

21.1

17.3

15.7

     

2008

21.7

19.1

16.2

     

2009

24.3

20.4

17.4

     

2010

25.8

21.6

18.6

     

2011

25.0

22.0

18.7

     

2012

24.8

22.6

18.3

     

Source: U.S. Census Bureau Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplements.

Figure 1b. Child Poverty by Age, 2007 and 2012

 Source: U.S. Census Bureau Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplements.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Figure 1c.  Number of Poor Children by Age, 2007 and 2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ages 0-5

Ages 6-11

Ages 12-17

     

2007

5.2

4.1

4.0

     

2012

5.9

5.5

4.7

     

Source: U.S. Census Bureau Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplements.

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