This paper is a synthesis of the results of the first phase of a major, ten-year demonstration and evaluation effort (TPD Home Page). Specifically, it draws heavily on a series of process and implementation reports (Hershey and Nagatoshi 1989; Hershey 1991a, 1991b, and 1991c; Hershey and Silverberg 1993; Hershey and Rangarajan 1993; and Maynard 1992); a report on a special in-depth study of the target population and its program experiences (Polit 1992); a report on service needs of and use by the target population (Gleason et al. 1993); and an impact analysis report based on two to four years of follow-up data (Maynard, Nicholson, and Rangarajan 1993). (See Project Reports)
Authors of these reports as well as many other individuals contributed in significant ways to the preparation of this report. Much of the information on the demonstration programs was provided by Melba McCarty, Yvonne Johnson, and Frank Ambrose, who oversaw the demonstration programs -- Project Advance in Chicago, Teen Progress in Newark, and Teen Progress in Camden, respectively. Janet DeGraaf, Bonnie Mecanko, and Lydia Davis-Barrett of the New Jersey Department of Human Services and Denise Simon, Dan Davis, David Gruenenfelder, and Charlie Mugler of the Illinois Department of Public Aid were instrumental in the design, implementation, and oversight of the programs and were extremely helpful during the information assembly process. And, the young mothers in the evaluation sample patiently answered our many questions. Reuben Snipper, project officer for the evaluation, and Nancye Campbell and Judith Reich, project officers for the demonstration, provided helpful guidance throughout the design and implementation of the evaluation. William Prosser from the office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation provided guidance at various points throughout the project, but especially in the design and implementation of the special substudies on child care issues, and Howard Rolston at the Administration for Children and Families provided invaluable support of both the demonstration projects and the evaluation.
Alan Hershey, co-investigator and deputy project director, worked diligently with the programs to ensure that they were implemented in accordance with the demonstration design and that we documented the operational lessons from the demonstration. He also directed the process and implementation analysis. Denise Polit, co-investigator, was instrumental in the development of the overall evaluation plan and directed a companion in-depth study of a subsample of program participants; Myles Maxfield designed and oversaw the development of the client tracking systems; Charles Nagatoshi provided technical assistance to the programs and monitored their operations; Anu Rangarajan and Walter Nicholson played key roles in the impact analysis; Phillip Gleason, Anu Rangarajan, and Denise Polit collaborated on a report on service needs and use; Marsha Silverberg worked with Alan Hershey on the cost analysis; and Ellen Kisker, Anne Gordon, Margaret Strain, Marsha Silverberg, and Peter Schochet conducted the special child care studies. Anne Bloomenthal, Sandra Scott, West Addison, Cynthia Butchley, Lynn Leubuscher, and Dexter Chu constructed the data files and prepared the tabulations and graphs for the report. John Homrighausen and Cindy Pressler directed the survey data collection. Doreen Ambrose, Monica Capizzi, Cindy Castro, Debra Jones, and Marjorie Mitchell produced the report. Joanne Pfleiderer copyedited the report.
I gratefully acknowledge these contributions and accept sole responsibility for any remaining errors or omissions in the report.