The National Strategy to Prevent Teen Pregnancy, begun in January 1997, was formulated in response to a call from the Congress for a strategy to reduce teen pregnancies and to a directive to assure that at least 25 percent of U. S. communities have teen pregnancy prevention programs in place. Toward that end, HHS initiated a multi-year partnership-building process to solicit a nationwide commitment to the goal of preventing teen pregnancies.
In the fall of 1997, The Cornerstone Consulting Group, Inc., began a year-long inquiry in partnership with the Urban Institute, to examine the potential benefits that community partnerships might hold for communities attempting to effectively reduce unintended teenage childbearing.
For this working paper, Cornerstone completed an extensive literature review of various partnership relationships designed to produce change in a range of topical areas. Many of the problems addressed were associated with teenage risk-taking behaviors. Our examination considered research in the fields of violence prevention, substance abuse prevention, teenage pregnancy prevention, youth development, community development, environmental protection, and general business enterprises. The discussion that follows is intended to provide the reader with an overview of the literature on partnerships and to help inform the development of future community partnerships to prevent teen pregnancy.