With an annual budget of nearly $5 billion, the Children's Bureau works with State and local agencies to develop programs to assist America's children and their families.
The Children's Bureau administers nine state grant programs and six discretionary grant programs. The state grant programs have their own legislatively mandated matching requirements and formulas for allocation and all require that the funds go to and be administered only by the State child welfare agency or, in some programs, Indian Tribes or Tribal organizations. The State agency can have agreements and contracts with other public agencies and with private agencies for provision of appropriate services. In the discretionary programs, the Administration for Children and Families policy requires a match from the grantees for all discretionary grant projects other than research.
The vast majority of Federal child welfare funding is spent on Title IV-E Foster Care and Adoption Assistance payments to States (described below). Most of the remainder goes to States in the form of the Child Welfare Services Block Grant (Title IV-B part 1) and the Promoting Safe and Stable Families (Title IV-B part 2) formula grant program. Several small discretionary grant programs, described below, provide demonstration funds to State and local agencies and other organizations for innovative child welfare activities.