Housing Assistance and Supportive Services in Memphis: Best Practices for Serving High Needs Populations. REFERENCES



Bloom, D., Fellerath, V., Long, D., & Wood, R.G. 1993. LEAP: Interim findings on a welfare initiative to improve school attendance among teenage parents. New York, NY: Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation.

Bodonyi, Jami. 2008. Final Findings Report: A Comprehensive Evaluation of the Sound Families Initiative. Seattle, WA: University of Washington School of Social Work.

Briggs, Xavier de Sousa, Susan J. Popkin, and John Goering. 2010. Moving to Opportunity: The Story of An American Experiment to Fight Ghetto Poverty. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Comey, Jennifer, Susan J. Popkin, Kaitlin Franks. 2012. MTO: A Successful Housing Intervention. Cityscape. 14(2): 87-108.

Freiman, Lesley, Laura Harris, Amanda Mireles, and Susan Popkin. 2013. Housing Assistance and Supportive Services in Memphis: Final Brief. Washington, D.C.: Urban Institute.

Getsinger, Liza,  and Susan J. Popkin. 2010. “Reaching the Next Generation: The Crisis for CHA’s Youth”. Supporting Vulnerable Public  Housing Families Brief No. 6. Washington, DC: The Urban Institute.

Harrell, Adele, Shannon Cavanagh, Sanjeev Sridharan. 1999. “Evaluation of the Children at Risk Program: Results 1 Year After the End of the Program.” Research in Brief. Washington, D.C.: National Institute of Justice. 

Leventhal, Tama, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn. 2000. The neighborhoods they live in: Effects of neighborhood residence on child and adolescent outcomes. Psychological Bulletin, 126(2), 309-337.

Leventhal, Tama Jeanne Brooks-Gunn. 2004. "Diversity in developmental Trajectories across Adolescence: Neighborhood Influences." Pp. 451-486 in Handbook of Adolescent Psychology (2nd ed.), edited by R. M. Lerner and L. Steinberg. New York: John Wiley and Sons.

Long, D., Gueron, J.M., Wood, R.G., Fisher, R., & Fellerath, V. 1996. LEAP: Three-year impacts of Ohio's welfare initiative to improve school attendance among teenage parents. New York, NY: Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation.

Ludwig, Jens, Lisa Sanbonmatsu, Lisa Gennetian, Emma Adam, Emma, Greg J. Duncan, Lawrence F. Katz, Ronald C. Kessler, Jeffrey R. Kling, Stacy Tessler Lindau, Robert C. Whitaker, and Thomas W. McDade. Oct 2011. Neighborhoods, Obesity, and Diabetes — A Randomized Social Experiment. N Engl J Med; 365:1509-1519.

Morenoff, Jeffrey, Robert Sampson, and Stephen Raudenbush. 2001. “Neighborhood Inequality, Collective Efficacy, and the Spatial Dynamics of Urban Violence.” Criminology. 39: 517-558.

Parkes, Rhae, Emily Holt, Kimary Lee, Nik Theodore, David Cook. July 2012. Opportunity Chicago: 2006-2010. Improving Access to Employment for Public Housing Residents in Chicago. Chicago, IL: The Partnership for New Communities.

Popkin, S. J. , V.E. Gwiasda, D.P. Rosenbaum, L.M. Olson, and L. F. Buron.  2000. The Hidden War: Crime and the Tragedy of Public Housing in Chicago.  New Brunswick:  Rutgers University Press.

Popkin, Susan, Laura Harris, Lesley Freiman, and Amanda Mireles. 2013. Housing Assistance and Supportive Services in Memphis: Assessment Memo. Washington, D.C.: Urban Institute.  (Published as an appendix to Freiman et. al 2013)

Popkin, Susan J., Tama Leventhal, Gretchen Weissman. July 2010. “Girls in the ‘Hood: How Safety Affects the Life Chances of Low-Income Girls.” Urban Affairs Review.

Popkin, Susan J., Diane K. Levy, Larry Buron. 2009. “Has HOPE VI Transformed Residents’ Lives? New Evidence From the HOPE VI Panel Study.” Housing Studies 24(4): 477-502.

Popkin, Susan, Levy, Diane, Buron, Larry, Gallagher, Megan, and Price, David. 2010a. The CHA’s Plan for Transformation: How Have Residents Fared?  Washington, DC: The Urban Institute.


Popkin, Susan, Michael Rich, Leah Hendey, Chris Hayes, and Joe Parilla. 2012b. Public Housing Transformation and Crime: Making the Case for Responsible Relocation. Washington, DC: The Urban Institute.


Popkin, Susan, Molly M. Scott, Joe Parilla, Elsa Falkenburger, Marla McDaniel and Shinwon Kyung. 2012a. Planning the Housing Opportunity and Services Together Demonstration: Challenges and Lessons Learned. HOST Brief No 1. Washington, DC: The Urban Institute.

Popkin, Susan, Brett Theodos, Liza Getsinger, and Joe Parilla. 2010b. An Overview of the Chicago Family Case Management Demonstration. Supporting Vulnerable Public Housing Families Brief No. 1. Washington, DC: The Urban Institute.

Reid, W. J., Bailey-Dempsey, C. 1995. The effects of monetary incentives on school performance. The Journal of Contemporary Human Services, 331-341.

Riccio, James A. 2010. Sustained Earnings Gains for Residents in a Public Housing Jobs Program: Seven-Year Findings from the Jobs-Plus Demonstration. New York, NY: MDRC.

Sampson, Robert J., Jeffrey D. Morenoff, Thomas Gannon-Rowley. 2002. "Assessing ‘Neighborhood Effects': Social Processes and New Directions in Research." Annual Review of Sociology 28:443-478.

Sampson, Robert J., Stephen W. Raudenbush, and Felton Earls. 1997. “Neighborhoods and Violent Crime: A Multilevel Study of Collective Efficacy.” Science Magazine. August 1997 277(5328): 918-24.

Sanbonmatsu, Lisa, Ludwig, Jens, Katz, Lawrence F., Gennetian, Lisa A., Duncan, Greg J., Kessler, Ronald C.,  Adam, Emma , McDade, Thomas W., Lindau, and Stacy Tessler. 2011. Moving to Opportunity for Fair Housing Demonstration Program - Final Impacts Evaluation. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development.

Sharkey, Patrick.  June 2010. The acute effect of local homicides on children's cognitive performance. PNAS. 107(26): 11733-11738.

Theodos, Brett, Susan Popkin, Joe Parilla, and Liza Getsinger. 2012. “The Challenge of Targeting Services: A Typology of Public-Housing Residents.” Social Service Review 86(3).

Turner, Margery A., Susan J. Popkin and Lynette Rawlings. 2009. Public Housing Transformation: The Legacy of Segregation. Washington DC: Urban Institute Press.


[1] An estimated 42.1 percent of children under 18 in Memphis live in poverty, compared to 26.3 percent statewide and 22.5 percent nation-wide.

[2] Additional information about economic conditions in Memphis as well as maps by census tract are available in the assessment memo produced for this project.


View full report


"Best Practices_Final_Memo_0.pdf" (pdf, 221.99Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®