Truven Health Analytics, an IBM company, prepared this report under contract to the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) (HHSP23320100022WI/HHSP23337006T). The authors appreciate the guidance of D.E.B. Potter, Laurel Fuller, and Alexis Horan (ASPE). Richard Bizier and Timothy L. Bullock (Truven) contributed to the data programming and analysis. Paige Jackson, Lucy Karnell, and Linda Lee (Truven) provided editorial support. Shirlene T Harris and Quita Mullan provided assistance with appendix preparation. Mustafa Karakus and Brian Burwell (Truven) provided feedback on this report and guidance throughout the project. Pamela Greenberg and Mady Chalk provided additional assistance.
The views and opinions expressed here are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views, opinions, or policies of ASPE or HHS. The authors are solely responsible for any errors.