Truven Health Analytics, an IBM company, prepared this report under contract to the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) (HHSP233201600023I/HHSP23337002T). The authors appreciate the guidance of D.E.B. Potter and Laurel Fuller (ASPE), Emily Jones (National Institute of Drug Abuse) and Kristin Beronio (Center for Medicaid & Medicare Services). Minya Sheng (Truven Health) contributed to the data programming and analysis. Paige Jackson and Linda Lee (Truven Health) provided editorial support. Mustafa Karakus (Truven Health) provided feedback on this report and guidance throughout the project.
The views and opinions expressed here are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views, opinions, or policies of ASPE or HHS. The authors are solely responsible for any errors.