Assessing the Field of Post-Adoption Services: Family Needs, Program Models, and Evaluation Issues. Case Study Report. 5.2 PAS Program Structure


In all five case-study states, PAS are contracted out rather than provided by state child welfare staff. State adoption program managers mentioned a variety of reasons for this approach. These reasons included cost-effectiveness, the difficulties of hiring additional state staff and protecting their positions against budget cuts, and the belief that using external contractors fostered creativity. Families preferred to access PAS without having to knock on the child welfare door, according to Oregons adoption program manager and others. Using an external contractor also facilitates statewide service delivery in county-administered systems. Some agencies are large with a number of dedicated adoption staff. Other agencies are very small with only one or two service workers, none of whom are dedicated to adoption, reported a Virginia state official.

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