|Which funding streams are being used to provide PAS?|
What we know: PAS programs have been funded by a variety of sources, including foundations, Adoption Opportunities grants, state general revenue, Adoption Incentive Program bonuses, and, more recently, Title IV-B Subpart 2 funds (Promoting Safe and Stable Families program). A recent review shows that 15 percent of Title IV-B Subpart 2 funds were used for adoption support and preservation, with state allocations for those purposes ranging from 0 to 25 percent of the funds received. However, it is not possible to identify the extent to which those funds were spent on post-adoption services rather than facilitating adoptions (James Bell Associates, 2001). The five case-study states used a mix of state and Title IV-B Subpart 2 funds for their PAS programs.
Moving forward: Little is known about states decision-making process when it comes to funding PAS. Specifically, we do not know how the availability of federal funding support influences states consideration of developing PAS programs, how states choose among available funding streams. Given states recent achievements in increasing adoptions, expansion and sustainability may become critical issues in PAS funding.
Specific questions related to PAS funding include:
- How do states choose among available funding streams when implementing PAS programs?
- How do states determine what proportion of Title IV-B Subpart 2 funding will be allocated for post-adoption rather than pre-adoption services?
- How will increases in the number of children on adoption subsidy affect states capacity to fund PAS?
- What funding provisions would provide effective incentives for states to develop or expand PAS?