|Youth receiving subsidies were more likely than others to have behavior problems in the clinical range.|
Additional analyses on subsidy use were conducted for this report to examine whether childrens behavior is associated with early changes in AAP payments. Of the 288 adopted foster children in this sample, there were exactly equal numbers (144) of those who received and those who did not receive AAP funds within 2 years of placement in their adoptive homes. AAP receipt or nonreceipt tended to remain stable over the subsequent 6 years of data collection. Youth receiving AAP throughout the study period were much more likely to have Behavior Problem Index (BPI) scores in the clinical range than those who did not receive AAP. Among those families that initiated AAP between Waves 1 and 2, the proportion with high BPI scores was 21 percent at Wave 1 and 73 percent at Wave 2.
Although limited by the small numbers of cases, these data suggest that while some families do manage to care for children with high levels of behavior problems without subsidies, the likelihood of having a subsidy and maintaining it is greater for those families with children who score in the problem behavior range. Families are more likely to transition from no subsidy to subsidy because behavior problems increase, although the reasons that families stop their subsidy use are less clear.