Assessing the Feasibility of Creating and Maintaining a National Registry of Child Maltreatment Perpetrators: Research Report. Table 14. State Law or Policy Pertaining to Expunging Data from the State Repository

09/01/2012

Table 14 (part 1 of 2). State Law or Policy Pertaining to Expunging Data from the State Repository (Q35 Legal)
STATE Successful Challenge to Being Determined to be a Perpetrator of Child Maltreatment Successful Challenge to Being Designated as a Perpetrator of Child Maltreatment in the Data Repository Passage of a Certain Amount of Time Since the Person was Determined to be a Perpetrator of Abuse and Neglect All Children Involved in the Abuse and Neglect Incident Reach a Certain Age
N= 36 States
Alabama X X X  
Alaska        
Arizona     X X
Arkansas        
California        
Colorado   X    
Connecticut     X  
Delaware     X  
District of Columbia        
Florida        
Georgia        
Hawaii        
Idaho        
Illinois X X X  
Indiana X X   X
Iowa X X X  
Kansas     X  
Kentucky        
Louisiana X X    
Maine X X    
Maryland X X    
Massachusetts       X
Michigan X X    
Minnesota        
Mississippi X   X  
Missouri X X    
Montana        
Nebraska        
Nevada X   X X
New Hampshire        
New Jersey X X    
New Mexico        
New York       X
North Carolina X X    
North Dakota X   X  
Ohio X   X X
Oklahoma        
Oregon X X X  
Pennsylvania   X    
Puerto Rico X X    
Rhode Island X      
South Carolina X X    
South Dakota X X    
Tennessee        
Texas X   X X
Utah X      
Vermont        
Virginia X X X  
Washington        
West Virginia     X  
Wisconsin        
Wyoming        
Total 23 18 15 7
Table 14 (part 2 of 2). State Law or Policy Pertaining to Expunging Data from the State Repository (Q35 Legal)
STATE All Children in the Home are 18 Years of Age or Older Perpetrator of Child Abuse and Neglect was Acquitted of Criminal Charges Related to the Abuse and Neglect Death of the Perpetrator
N= 36 States
Alabama      
Alaska      
Arizona      
Arkansas      
California      
Colorado      
Connecticut      
Delaware      
District of Columbia      
Florida      
Georgia      
Hawaii      
Idaho      
Illinois      
Indiana   X  
Iowa      
Kansas     X
Kentucky      
Louisiana X    
Maine      
Maryland      
Massachusetts      
Michigan     X
Minnesota      
Mississippi      
Missouri      
Montana      
Nebraska      
Nevada      
New Hampshire      
New Jersey      
New Mexico      
New York      
North Carolina      
North Dakota      
Ohio      
Oklahoma      
Oregon      
Pennsylvania      
Puerto Rico      
Rhode Island      
South Carolina      
South Dakota      
Tennessee      
Texas      
Utah      
Vermont      
Virginia      
Washington      
West Virginia      
Wisconsin      
Wyoming      
Total 1 1 2

Table 15. Length of Time to Expunging Data from the State Repository (Q25 Technical)
STATE Less Than 5 Years Between 5 and 10 Years Between 11 and 20 Years More Than 20 Years
N= 36 States
Alabama        
Alaska        
Arizona       X
Arkansas     X  
California        
Colorado        
Connecticut     X  
Delaware        
District of Columbia        
Florida        
Georgia        
Hawaii        
Idaho        
Illinois        
Indiana       X
Iowa        
Kansas X      
Kentucky        
Louisiana     X  
Maine        
Maryland       X
Massachusetts        
Michigan        
Minnesota     X  
Mississippi        
Missouri       X
Montana        
Nebraska   X    
Nevada        
New Hampshire   X    
New Jersey       X
New Mexico X      
New York       X
North Carolina       X
North Dakota   X    
Ohio   X    
Oklahoma       X
Oregon       X
Pennsylvania        
Puerto Rico        
Rhode Island       X
South Carolina        
South Dakota X      
Tennessee        
Texas        
Utah        
Vermont        
Virginia     X  
Washington        
West Virginia        
Wisconsin        
Wyoming        
Total 3 4 5 10

Table 16. Number of Years of Data in the State Repository (Q12 Technical)
STATE Less Than One Year 1-4 Years 5-9 Years 10-14 Years 15 or More Years
N= 36 States
Alabama         X
Alaska          
Arizona         X
Arkansas         X
California       X  
Colorado       X  
Connecticut       X  
Delaware         X
District of Columbia          
Florida   X      
Georgia   X      
Hawaii          
Idaho          
Illinois         X
Indiana       X  
Iowa          
Kansas         X
Kentucky          
Louisiana         X
Maine       X  
Maryland         X
Massachusetts          
Michigan         X
Minnesota       X  
Mississippi          
Missouri         X
Montana          
Nebraska       X  
Nevada     X    
New Hampshire     X    
New Jersey         X
New Mexico         X
New York         X
North Carolina         X
North Dakota   X      
Ohio     X    
Oklahoma         X
Oregon     X    
Pennsylvania          
Puerto Rico          
Rhode Island         X
South Carolina       X  
South Dakota       X  
Tennessee         X
Texas         X
Utah          
Vermont          
Virginia         X
Washington          
West Virginia          
Wisconsin          
Wyoming         X
Total 0 3 4 9 20

Table 17. Types of Child Maltreatment Perpetrators in the State Repository (Q11 Technical)
STATE All Child Welfare Automated Case Information Child Maltreatment Perpetrators Regardless of Legal Action Child Maltreatment Perpetrators Who Have Been Convicted of Civil Offenses Child Maltreatment Perpetrators Who Have Been Convicted of Criminal Offenses Alleged Child Maltreatment Perpetrators
N= 36 States
Alabama   X     X
Alaska          
Arizona   X      
Arkansas X X X    
California X X     X
Colorado X X     X
Connecticut X        
Delaware X X     X
District of Columbia          
Florida X     X X
Georgia X        
Hawaii          
Idaho          
Illinois X X X X X
Indiana X X     X
Iowa          
Kansas   X      
Kentucky          
Louisiana   X     X
Maine X X     X
Maryland X       X
Massachusetts          
Michigan X X      
Minnesota X X     X
Mississippi          
Missouri X X      
Montana          
Nebraska X       X
Nevada X X   X X
New Hampshire          
New Jersey X   X X  
New Mexico X        
New York X        
North Carolina   X   X  
North Dakota   X      
Ohio X X X X X
Oklahoma X X     X
Oregon X X      
Pennsylvania          
Puerto Rico          
Rhode Island X        
South Carolina X X     X
South Dakota          
Tennessee X X     X
Texas X X X X X
Utah          
Vermont          
Virginia   X      
Washington          
West Virginia          
Wisconsin          
Wyoming X X     X
Total 27 25 5 7 19

Table 18 (part 1 of 3). Available Data Elements on Child Maltreatment Perpetrators in the State Repository (Q15 Technical)
STATE Name of Child Maltreatment Perpetrator Alternative Perpetrator Names Unique Perpetrator Identifier Last Known Address Date of Birth Age Sex/Gender
N= 36 States
Alabama X X   X X X X
Alaska              
Arizona X X X X X X X
Arkansas X   X X X X X
California X   X X X X X
Colorado X   X X X X X
Connecticut X X X X X X X
Delaware X X X X X X X
District of Columbia              
Florida X X X X X X X
Georgia              
Hawaii              
Idaho              
Illinois X X X X X X X
Indiana X X X X X X X
Iowa              
Kansas X   X   X   X
Kentucky              
Louisiana X   X X X X X
Maine X X X X X X X
Maryland X X   X X X X
Massachusetts              
Michigan X X X X X X X
Minnesota X X X X X X X
Mississippi              
Missouri X X X X X X X
Montana              
Nebraska X X X X X X X
Nevada X X   X X X X
New Hampshire X X     X    
New Jersey X X X X X X X
New Mexico X X X X X X X
New York X X X X X X X
North Carolina X       X X X
North Dakota X            
Ohio X X X X X X X
Oklahoma X X X X X X X
Oregon X X X   X X X
Pennsylvania              
Puerto Rico              
Rhode Island X X X   X   X
South Carolina X X X X X X X
South Dakota X   X X X X X
Tennessee X X X X X X X
Texas X X X X X X X
Utah              
Vermont              
Virginia X X X X X X X
Washington              
West Virginia              
Wisconsin              
Wyoming X   X X X X X
Total 35 26 29 29 34 31 33
Table 18 (part 2 of 3) Available Data Elements on Child Maltreatment Perpetrators in the State Repository (Q15 Technical)
STATE Name of Child Maltreatment Perpetrator Alternative Perpetrator Names Unique Perpetrator Identifier Last Known Address Date of Birth Age Sex/Gender
N= 36 States
Alabama X X   X X X X
Alaska              
Arizona X X X X X X X
Arkansas X   X X X X X
California X   X X X X X
Colorado X   X X X X X
Connecticut X X X X X X X
Delaware X X X X X X X
District of Columbia              
Florida X X X X X X X
Georgia              
Hawaii              
Idaho              
Illinois X X X X X X X
Indiana X X X X X X X
Iowa              
Kansas X   X   X   X
Kentucky              
Louisiana X   X X X X X
Maine X X X X X X X
Maryland X X   X X X X
Massachusetts              
Michigan X X X X X X X
Minnesota X X X X X X X
Mississippi              
Missouri X X X X X X X
Montana              
Nebraska X X X X X X X
Nevada X X   X X X X
New Hampshire X X     X    
New Jersey X X X X X X X
New Mexico X X X X X X X
New York X X X X X X X
North Carolina X       X X X
North Dakota X            
Ohio X X X X X X X
Oklahoma X X X X X X X
Oregon X X X   X X X
Pennsylvania              
Puerto Rico              
Rhode Island X X X   X   X
South Carolina X X X X X X X
South Dakota X   X X X X X
Tennessee X X X X X X X
Texas X X X X X X X
Utah              
Vermont              
Virginia X X X X X X X
Washington              
West Virginia              
Wisconsin              
Wyoming X   X X X X X
Total 35 26 29 29 34 31 33
Table 18 (part 3 of 3). Available Data Elements on Child Maltreatment Perpetrators in the State Repository (Q15 Technical)
STATE Race/Ethnicity SSN Type of Substantiated Maltreatment Date(s) of Disposition Relationship to Child Victim Status of Any Legal Proceedings Last Known Address ZIP Code Last Known Address County
N= 36 States
Alabama X X X X X   X X
Alaska                
Arizona X X X X     X  
Arkansas X X X X X   X X
California X X X X X   X X
Colorado X   X X X   X X
Connecticut X X X X X   X X
Delaware X X X X X   X X
District of Columbia                
Florida X X X X X X X X
Georgia         X      
Hawaii                
Idaho                
Illinois X X X X X X X X
Indiana X X X X X   X X
Iowa                
Kansas X X X X X      
Kentucky                
Louisiana X X X X     X X
Maine X X X X X X X X
Maryland X X X X X X X X
Massachusetts                
Michigan X X X X X   X X
Minnesota X X X X X   X X
Mississippi                
Missouri X X X X X   X X
Montana                
Nebraska X X X X X X X X
Nevada X X X X X X X X
New Hampshire     X X X      
New Jersey X X X X X   X X
New Mexico X X X X X   X X
New York X   X X X   X X
North Carolina X X X X X X    
North Dakota                
Ohio X X X X X X X X
Oklahoma X X X X X X X X
Oregon X X X   X      
Pennsylvania                
Puerto Rico                
Rhode Island X   X X X      
South Carolina X   X X X   X X
South Dakota X   X X X X X  
Tennessee X X X X X   X X
Texas X X X X X   X X
Utah                
Vermont                
Virginia X   X X X X X X
Washington                
West Virginia                
Wisconsin                
Wyoming X X X   X   X X
Total 33 27 34 32 33 11 29 27

Table 19. How States Determine which States Receive a Response to an Out-of-State Inquiry (Q11 Practices)
STATE Rely on the Person of Interest to Disclose Where He/She has Lived Rely on Any Information Indicating that the Person of Interest has Resided in that State First Check Appropriate National Databases (e.g., National Criminal Records Database (NCIC)) and Then Check with States in Which They May Have Had a Previous Record Contact Neighboring States Dont Know
N= 36 States
Alabama X X      
Alaska          
Arizona X X X    
Arkansas X        
California          
Colorado X X      
Connecticut X X X    
Delaware X X X    
District of Columbia          
Florida X X X    
Georgia X X      
Hawaii          
Idaho          
Illinois X X   X  
Indiana X X      
Iowa          
Kansas X X      
Kentucky          
Louisiana X X      
Maine X X X    
Maryland   X X    
Massachusetts          
Michigan X X      
Minnesota X        
Mississippi          
Missouri X   X    
Montana          
Nebraska X X X X  
Nevada X X X    
New Hampshire X        
New Jersey X X      
New Mexico X X      
New York          
North Carolina X X      
North Dakota X X X    
Ohio         X
Oklahoma X X      
Oregon X X      
Pennsylvania          
Puerto Rico          
Rhode Island          
South Carolina X X      
South Dakota X X      
Tennessee X X X    
Texas X        
Utah          
Vermont          
Virginia X X      
Washington          
West Virginia          
Wisconsin          
Wyoming X X      
Total 31 27 11 2 1

Table 20. Number of Inquiries for Information from the State Registry Received in the Past 12 Months (Q8 Practices)
STATE None Less Than 50 5099 100499 500999 1,0001,999 2,0004,999 5,000 or More This Information is Not Collected or Tracked Dont Know
N= 36 States
Alabama       X            
Alaska                    
Arizona     X              
Arkansas                   X
California             X      
Colorado                   X
Connecticut                 X  
Delaware       X            
District of Columbia                    
Florida                 X  
Georgia                 X  
Hawaii                    
Idaho                    
Illinois   X                
Indiana         X          
Iowa                    
Kansas   X                
Kentucky                    
Louisiana       X            
Maine                   X
Maryland               X    
Massachusetts                    
Michigan                   X
Minnesota       X            
Mississippi                    
Missouri             X      
Montana                    
Nebraska       X            
Nevada           X        
New Hampshire       X            
New Jersey         X          
New Mexico         X          
New York                 X  
North Carolina           X        
North Dakota                 X  
Ohio         X          
Oklahoma           X        
Oregon       X            
Pennsylvania                    
Puerto Rico                    
Rhode Island       X            
South Carolina                 X  
South Dakota                 X  
Tennessee       X            
Texas                   X
Utah                    
Vermont                    
Virginia                 X  
Washington                    
West Virginia                    
Wisconsin                    
Wyoming                   X
Total 0 2 1 9 4 3 2 1 8 6

Table 21. Benefits to Participating in a National Registry
STATE Save Time Save Money Direct Local Access More and More Timely Knowledge is Useful for Child Safety Help Comply with Foster and Adoptive Parent Checks Improve Worker Safety Improve Cross-State Information Accessibility Single Source of Information Number of Total Benefits
N=36 States. Note: Colorado’s did not see any benefits of a National Registry at the time.
Alabama X X X X X     X 5
Alaska                  
Arizona       X       X 2
Arkansas X     X   X X   4
California X     X       X 3
Colorado                  
Connecticut X       X   X   3
Delaware X             X 2
District of Columbia                  
Florida X     X       X 3
Georgia       X X     X 3
Hawaii                  
Idaho                  
Illinois X X   X X   X   5
Indiana X     X X   X   4
Iowa                  
Kansas X X   X X     X 5
Kentucky                  
Louisiana X     X     X   3
Maine X     X         2
Maryland X           X X 3
Massachusetts                  
Michigan X           X X 3
Minnesota                  
Mississippi                  
Missouri X X   X     X   4
Montana                  
Nebraska       X     X X 3
Nevada X X   X         3
New Hampshire               X 1
New Jersey X             X 2
New Mexico X     X X       3
New York     X X X     X 4
North Carolina       X     X   2
North Dakota X X           X 3
Ohio       X     X   2
Oklahoma X     X       X 3
Oregon X       X   X X 4
Pennsylvania                  
Puerto Rico X           X X 3
Rhode Island X   X X     X   4
South Carolina X     X X   X X 5
South Dakota X       X   X   3
Tennessee X           X   2
Texas       X X   X   3
Utah                  
Vermont                  
Virginia               X 1
Washington                  
West Virginia                  
Wisconsin                  
Wyoming             X   1
Total 25 6 3 22 12 1 19 19  

Table 22 (part 1 of 2). Barriers to Participating in a National Registry (continues)
STATE Not Enough Data as Currently Designed Will Need toTalk to Someone Because Too Little Data or Too Difficult to Interpret Differences in Definitions, Findings, Due Process and Expungement Rules Even within States Requires Changes to IT Systems and Availabiity of IT Resources (Cost and Personnel) Requires Staff Resources, including Training (Cost and Personnel)
N=36 States.
Alabama   X X X  
Alaska          
Arizona X   X X X
Arkansas X        
California     X X X
Colorado          
Connecticut          
Delaware     X X  
District of Columbia          
Florida   X X    
Georgia   X X    
Hawaii          
Idaho          
Illinois       X  
Indiana X   X    
Iowa          
Kansas     X    
Kentucky          
Louisiana     X    
Maine X X      
Maryland     X X  
Massachusetts          
Michigan X X     X
Minnesota         X
Mississippi          
Missouri X   X    
Montana          
Nebraska     X    
Nevada     X    
New Hampshire         X
New Jersey     X X X
New Mexico     X X X
New York     X X  
North Carolina          
North Dakota     X   X
Ohio   X X X  
Oklahoma       X X
Oregon X   X    
Pennsylvania          
Puerto Rico          
Rhode Island          
South Carolina X   X X  
South Dakota   X     X
Tennessee     X    
Texas X     X X
Utah          
Vermont          
Virginia     X X X
Washington          
West Virginia          
Wisconsin          
Wyoming       X X
Total 9 7 22 15 13

Table 22 (part 2 of 2). Barriers to Participating in a National Registry
State Name Risk of Legal Challenges High Potential for False Positives or False Negatives May be Incomplete, Inaccurate or Out of Date; Difficult to Maintain If Not All States Participate will not be Comprehensive Potential Need for Statutory and Policy Changes in order to Participate Number of Total Barriers
N=36 States.
Alabama     X     4
Alaska            
Arizona X X       6
Arkansas           1
California         X 4
Colorado     X   X 2
Connecticut X X X   X 4
Delaware     X     3
District of Columbia            
Florida X       X 4
Georgia           2
Hawaii            
Idaho            
Illinois X X       3
Indiana     X     3
Iowa            
Kansas     X X   3
Kentucky            
Louisiana X   X     3
Maine     X     3
Maryland     X     3
Massachusetts            
Michigan   X X     5
Minnesota           1
Mississippi            
Missouri   X     X 4
Montana            
Nebraska         X 2
Nevada           1
New Hampshire X       X 3
New Jersey   X       4
New Mexico X   X   X 6
New York   X X     4
North Carolina         X 1
North Dakota X   X     4
Ohio   X       4
Oklahoma           2
Oregon   X X     4
Pennsylvania            
Puerto Rico            
Rhode Island X X     X 3
South Carolina   X X     5
South Dakota   X X     4
Tennessee           1
Texas   X X     5
Utah            
Vermont            
Virginia         X 4
Washington            
West Virginia            
Wisconsin            
Wyoming           2
Total 9 13 17 1 11  

Table 23. Prevalence Study - State Matches for Three Matching Criteria
STATE Total Number of Records 2009 Name Only(N) Name Only(%) Name and Sex(N) Name and Sex(%) Name, Sex, and Date of Birth(N) Name, Sex, and Date of Birth(%)
N=22 States.
Arizona 3,159 2,808 88.9% 2,686 85.0% 46 1.5%
Arkansas 7,191 6,636 92.3% 6,295 87.5% 70 1.0%
California 50,894 45,426 89.3% 43,137 84.8% 307 0.6%
Colorado 7,868 6,983 88.8% 6,651 84.5% 94 1.2%
Connecticut 7,033 6,117 87.0% 5,758 81.9% 61 0.9%
Delaware 1,446 1,295 89.6% 1,223 84.6% 13 0.9%
Illinois 18,027 16,020 88.9% 15,159 84.1% 137 0.8%
Indiana 16,050 14,348 89.4% 13,610 84.8% 135 0.8%
Kansas 883 793 89.8% 746 84.5% 6 0.7%
Louisiana 6,171 5,553 90.0% 5,296 85.8% 80 1.3%
Maine 3,304 2,885 87.3% 2,687 81.3% 29 0.9%
Michigan 21,989 19,376 88.1% 18,338 83.4% 159 0.7%
Minnesota 3,214 2,714 84.4% 2,576 80.1% 42 1.3%
Nebraska 3,245 2,812 86.7% 2,668 82.2% 26 0.8%
Nevada 3,336 2,966 88.9% 2,822 84.6% 66 2.0%
New Hampshire 730 640 87.7% 606 83.0% 6 0.8%
New York 57,389 49,014 85.4% 46,124 80.4% 291 0.5%
Pennsylvania 3,111 2,726 87.6% 2,584 83.1% 22 0.7%
South Dakota 934 709 75.9% 658 70.4% 18 1.9%
Texas 46,964 43,075 91.7% 41,295 87.9% 372 0.8%
Virginia 4,305 3,865 89.8% 3,679 85.5% 33 0.8%
Wyoming 459 397 86.5% 375 81.7% 9 2.0%
Total 267,702 237,158 88.6% 224,973 84.0% 2,022 0.8%

Table 24. Prevalence Study - Number and Percentage of Interstate Matches Using Name by Number of States, by State
State 1 State(n) 1 State % 2 States(n) 2 States % 3+ States(n) 3+ States % Total(n) Total %
N=22 States.
Arizona 213 7.6% 176 6.3% 2,419 86.1% 2,808 100.0%
Arkansas 497 7.5% 396 6.0% 5,743 86.5% 6,636 100.0%
California 3,598 7.9% 3,071 6.8% 38,757 85.3% 45,426 100.0%
Colorado 559 8.0% 445 6.4% 5,979 85.6% 6,983 100.0%
Connecticut 537 8.8% 423 6.9% 5,157 84.3% 6,117 100.0%
Delaware 1,204 7.5% 1,058 6.6% 13,758 85.9% 16,020 100.0%
Illinois 883 6.2% 770 5.4% 12,695 88.5% 14,348 100.0%
Indiana 1,573 11.4% 1,406 10.2% 10,853 78.5% 13,832 100.0%
Kansas 68 8.6% 53 6.7% 672 84.7% 793 100.0%
Louisiana 433 7.8% 353 6.4% 4,767 85.8% 5,553 100.0%
Maine 280 9.7% 247 8.6% 2,358 81.7% 2,885 100.0%
Michigan 1,633 8.4% 1,243 6.4% 16,500 85.2% 19,376 100.0%
Minnesota 222 8.2% 211 7.8% 2,281 84.0% 2,714 100.0%
Nebraska 251 8.9% 168 6.0% 2,393 85.1% 2,812 100.0%
Nevada 240 8.1% 198 6.7% 2,528 85.2% 2,966 100.0%
New Hampshire 64 10.0% 63 9.8% 513 80.2% 640 100.0%
New York 4,505 9.2% 3,546 7.2% 40,963 83.6% 49,014 100.0%
Pennsylvania 214 7.9% 185 6.8% 2,327 85.4% 2,726 100.0%
South Dakota 91 12.8% 66 9.3% 552 77.9% 709 100.0%
Texas 2,932 6.8% 2,683 6.2% 37,460 87.0% 43,075 100.0%
Virginia 280 7.2% 224 5.8% 3,361 87.0% 3,865 100.0%
Wyoming 27 6.8% 26 6.5% 344 86.6% 397 100.0%
Total 20,304 8.1% 17,011 6.8% 212,380 85.1% 249,695 100.0%

Table 25. Prevalence Study - Percentage of Interstate Matches by Number of Matches and Number of States, by State
State Number of Records 2009 Name, Sex, and Date of Birth 1 State Name, Sex, and Date of Birth 2 States Name, Sex, and Date of Birth 3+ States Name, Sex, and Date of Birth 1 Match Name, Sex, and Date of Birth 2+ Matches
N=22 States.
Arizona 46 46     39 7
Arkansas 70 67 3   57 13
California 307 306 1   260 47
Colorado 94 92 2   75 19
Connecticut 61 61     51 10
Delaware 13 13     11 2
Illinois 137 136 1   114 23
Indiana 135 112 23   87 48
Kansas 6 6     5 1
Louisiana 80 79 1   65 15
Maine 29 28 1   26 3
Michigan 159 158 1   137 22
Minnesota 42 42     34 8
Nebraska 26 26     23 3
Nevada 66 65 1   55 11
New Hampshire 6 6     6 0
New York 291 287 4   250 41
Pennsylvania 22 22     14 8
South Dakota 18 17 1   13 5
Texas 372 368 4   320 52
Virginia 33 33     28 5
Wyoming 9 8 1   7 2
Total 2,022 1,978 44 0 1,677 345

Table 26 (part 1 of 2). Prevalence Study - Estimated Number of 2009 Interstate Child Abuse and Neglect Perpetrators
Participating States
STATE Interstate Perpetrators in Participating States Adjusted Interstate Perpetrators in Participating States Estimated Interstate Perpetrators in Non-Participating States Estimates Interstate Perpetrators for All States
N=22 States.
Arizona 46 73   73
Arkansas 70 147   147
California 307 572   572
Colorado 94 157   157
Connecticut 61 138   138
Delaware 13 30   30
Illinois 137 276   276
Indiana 135 294   294
Kansas 6 13   13
Louisiana 80 153   153
Maine 29 63   63
Michigan 159 349   349
Minnesota 42 91   91
Nebraska 26 45   45
Nevada 66 108   108
New Hampshire 6 16   16
New York 291 785   785
Pennsylvania 22 55   55
South Dakota 18 29   29
Texas 372 712   712
Virginia 33 95   95
Wyoming 9 15   15

Table 26 (part 2 of 2). Prevalence Study - Estimated Number of 2009 Interstate Child Abuse and Neglect Perpetrators
Non-Participating States
STATE Interstate Perpetrators in Participating States Adjusted Interstate Perpetrators in Participating States Estimated Interstate Perpetrators in Non-Participating States Estimates Interstate Perpetrators for All States
N=22 States.
Alabama     89 89
Alaska     68 68
District of Columbia     98 98
Florida     486 486
Georgia     227 227
Hawaii     47 47
Idaho     27 27
Iowa     147 147
Kentucky     144 144
Maryland     220 220
Massachusetts     446 446
Mississippi     83 83
Missouri     65 65
Montana     25 25
New Jersey     118 118
New Mexico     93 93
North Carolina     69 69
North Dakota     19 19
Ohio     297 297
Oklahoma     105 105
Oregon     123 123
Puerto Rico        
Rhode Island     41 41
South Carolina     120 120
Tennessee     109 109
Utah     153 153
Vermont     13 13
Washington     82 82
West Virginia     76 76
Wisconsin     46 46
Total Participation 2,022 4,216 3,636 7,852

Table 27. Prevalence Study - Percentage Distribution of Maltreatment Type, by Perpetrator Status
Most Serious Type of Abuse Inter-State Perpetrator In-State Perpetrator
X2=3.242 p=.518
N=22 States.
Neglect 64.7% 64.7%
Medical Neglect 4.1% 3.5%
Emotional maltreatment 5.4% 5.4%
Physical abuse 18.5% 18.5%
Sexual abuse 7.3% 8.0%

Table 28. Prevalence Study Court Involvement by Perpetrator Type, 2009
Perpetrators categorized into number of associated Children w/ Court Petitions 0 1 2 3+ Total Rate of Perpetrators associated with any Court Petition per 1000 Perpetrators  
X2 = 124.183 p> .001
N= 22 States.
Intrastate Perpetrator 216,166 30,499 10,550 8,465 265,680 186.37
Interstate Perpetrator 1,449 336 118 119 2,022 283.38
Total 217,615 30,835 10,668 8,584 267,702  

Table 29. Prevalence Study Child Removal by Perpetrator Status, 2009
Perpetrators categorized into number of associated Children w/ a Removal 0 1 2 3+ Total Rate of Perpetrators associated with any Removal per 1000 Perpetrators
X2 = 120.359 p> .001
N= 22 States.
Intrastate Perpetrator 212,072 33,918 11,008 8,682 265,680 201.78
Interstate Perpetrator 1,415 352 132 123 2,022 300.2
Total 213,487 34,270 11,140 8,805 267,702  

Table 29. Prevalence Study Child Removal by Perpetrator Status, 2009
Perpetrators categorized into number of associated Children w/ a Removal 0 1 2 3+ Total Rate of Perpetrators associated with any Removal per 1000 Perpetrators
X2 = 120.359 p> .001
N= 22 States.
Intrastate Perpetrator 212,072 33,918 11,008 8,682 265,680 201.78
Interstate Perpetrator 1,415 352 132 123 2,022 300.2
Total 213,487 34,270 11,140 8,805 267,702  

Table 30. Prevalence Study Child Fatalities Perpetrator Type, 2009
Perpetrators categorized into number of associated Child Fatalities 0 1 2 3+ Total Rate of Perpetrators associated with any Removal per 1000 Perpetrators
No statistical tests were performed due to small incidence rates.
N= 22 States.
Intrastate Perpetrator 264,741 921 14 4 265,680 3.53
Interstate Perpetrator 2,018 4 0 0 2,022 1.98
Total 266,759 925 14 4 276,702  

 

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