Analytical Framework for Examining the Value of Antibacterial Products. A.5.2 Current Treatment


Treatment often involves empiric broad-spectrum antibacterial drug therapy, initially. Modifications of the antibacterial drug regimen can be made after urine culture and sensitivity analysis results are obtained. Mild to moderately ill patients may be treated in an outpatient setting with oral antibacterial drugs, such as norfloxacin or ciprofloxacin.  Antibacterial drugs are typically prescribed for 7 to 14 days, with longer courses of treatment for more severe complicated urinary tract infections. Patients with more severe infections, such as complicated pyelonephritis, or those accompanied by severe symptoms may require hospitalization and intravenous antibacterial drugs, such as ampicillin and gentamicin, ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin, ceftriaxone, aztreonam, ticarcillin-clavulanate, or imipenem-cilastatin

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