Analysis of Risk Communication Strategies and Approaches with At-Risk Populations to Enhance Emergency Preparedness, Response, and Recovery: Final Report. V. Considerations For Additional Research

12/01/2008

Through the course of this study, we identified a number of areas that warrant additional research. These considerations are organized in two groups: (1) questions that were within the scope of the project, but that we were not able to address given the lack of evidence; and (2) questions that were beyond the scope of the project.

Because states are not currently collecting this information, we were unable to gather and present data to:

  • Evaluate the effectiveness of new technology for reaching at-risk populations.

  • Study the impact of education and outreach campaigns on the awareness, attitudes, and preparedness of at-risk populations.

  • Discover what methods of dissemination work best for each at-risk population.

  • Identify risk communication activities for at-risk populations that were not covered in our literature review, compendium, or site visits (e.g., people without transportation, people with pharmacological dependence, mental illness).

Some questions were not addressable within the scope of this project. More evidence is needed to:

  • Understand exposure following disasters and individual responses about message receipt, comprehension, and actions taken.

  • Design, implement, and study the effect of a cross-state mechanism for sharing tools and lessons learned regarding disaster management for at-risk populations.

  • Develop risk communication materials that address at-risk populations for the post-event/recovery stage of disasters.

  • Identify additional ways to involve the community and at-risk populations themselves in communication for planning, response and recovery.

  • Consider other aspects of being at-risk beyond function that may affect how messages are received--geographic isolation, socioeconomic issues such as affordability of emergency kits, etc.

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